Your search for COPD returned 780 results

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Hospital Medicine

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia I. What every physician needs to know. Sickle cell disease is a term used to describe a variety of genotypes and disease states associated with the hemoglobin sickle cell (HbS) gene and the sickling of red blood cells (RBCs). The HbS gene develops from a mutation in the sixth codon of the…
Hospital Medicine

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic Cancer I. What every physician needs to know. Pancreatic cancer is one of the most fatal forms of cancer as it typically presents at an advanced stage and can be challenging to treat. It is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States for both men and women, and the overall…
Pulmonary Medicine

Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias

What every physician needs to know: Revised ATS/ERS Classification of Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias: Major idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: 1) Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) Continue Reading 2) Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) 3) Respiratory bronchiolitis–interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD) 4) Desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) 5) Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) 6) Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) Table 1. Trial N Age…

ICD Shocks: Evaluation and Management

ICD Shocks: What every physician needs to know. Multiple clinical trials support the use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) for prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure (HF). Of the patients who have an ICD implanted for primary prevention, approximately 20% to 35% will experience an appropriate shock within 1 to 3 years…
Hospital Medicine

Addison's disease (primary adrenocortical insufficiency)

I. What every physician needs to know. Addison’s disease, or primary adrenocortical insufficiency, is characterized by a deficiency in endogenous cortisol production secondary to destruction or dysfunction of the adrenal cortices. In the United States (US), Addison’s disease is most commonly caused by autoimmune destruction (80% of spontaneous cases), but also has infectious, vascular, metastatic,…

Neuraxial analgesia for labor & delivery

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Neuraxial analgesia is the preferred method of providing analgesia for labor and vaginal delivery. If needed, the epidural catheter will usually provide anesthesia for cesarean section and other surgical procedures related to pregnancy. 1. What is the urgency of the surgery? What is the risk of…

Repair of facial fractures – Procedures

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Facial fractures are the major type of maxillofacial trauma. They also result in airway compromise, vision loss and hemorrhage, which can be life-threatening. The causes of facial fractures vary, with the most common being motor vehicle accidents, sport related injuries, assaults and gunshots. Following high velocity…
Hospital Medicine


Nephrolithiasis I. What every physician needs to know Stones composed of calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate make up 85-90% of renal stones in the United States. Precipitation of calcium in urine causes these stones, and stones have been linked to hypercalciuria, high salt diets, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, genetic factors, and environmental factors. Uric acid, cystine,…
Hospital Medicine

Pulmonary embolism

I. What every physician needs to know. Pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis are two manifestations of the same underlying disorder, venous thromboembolism (VTE). Venous thrombosis usually occurs as the result the combination of three potential causative factors (virchow’s triad), specifically venous endothelial damage (e.g., prior clot and recent surgical procedure), hypercoagulability (e.g., malignancy or…
Hospital Medicine


Endocarditis I. What Every Physician Needs to Know. This chapter summarizes the American Heart Association (AHA) and Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for infectious endocarditis (IE), with a focus on the key points for the front-line clinician. Infective endocarditis (IE) is relatively uncommon, but this is difficult to determine because few diagnosed cases…
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