Your search for COPD returned 780 results

Your search for COPD returned 780 results

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Hospital Medicine

Alpha thalassemia

I. What every physician needs to know. Thalassemias are disorders of globin chain synthesis resulting in hemoglobinopathies that are classified by the specific globin chain that is affected. Hence, alpha thalassemia occurs when there is a deletion of one or more of the four alpha globin loci. The severity of the disease depends on the…
Hospital Medicine

Obstructive sleep apnea

What every physician needs to know: Obstructive sleep apnea (also known as sleep apnea hypopnea, particularly outside North America) is a common disorder: population-based studies in the U.S. have shown a prevalence in the general, working-age population of roughly 9 percent of women and 24 percent of men. The prevalence rises with advancing age and,…
Critical Care Medicine

Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia

Hospital-Acquired and Healthcare-Associated Bacterial Pneumonia I. What every physician needs to know. Hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (HAP) refers to pneumonias occurring after a patient has been hospitalized for 48 hours or more, which was not clinically suspected to be present on admission. The diagnosis of HAP implies that the patient is at risk for organisms more…
Hospital Medicine

Non convulsive status epilepticus Notes

Non-Convulsive Status I. What every physician needs to know. Status epilepticus (SE) is one of the most frequent neurological emergencies with an incidence of 20/100,000 per year and mortality between 3% and 40% depending on etiology, age, SE type and duration. SE has been defined as continuous seizure activity lasting more than 30 min, or…

HIV patients

What should the Anesthesiologist Should Know Prior to the Operative Procedure Background Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative viral organism of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), was first recognized over 20 years ago, and has since infected approximately 50 million people worldwide. In the United States, there are between 850,000 to 1 million cases of HIV/AIDS,…

Traumatic Brain Injury

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) suffer from both the primary injury and also secondary injuries that exacerbate the damage and worsen their outcome. Primary injury is damage caused by the mechanical impact of brain tissue and the skull, resulting in skull fracture, brain contusion, intracranial…

Palliative care: a guide for clinicians

By initiating a conversation, primary care providers can identify specific end-of-life needs and goals, manage symptoms, and coordinate care.
Hospital Medicine


ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) I. What every physician needs to know. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (formerly known as Q-wave myocardial infarction) is an acute coronary syndrome caused by myocardial ischemia which results clinically in angina (or its equivalent), ST segment elevations on electrocardiogram (EKG), and subsequent elevation of cardiac biomarkers indicating myocardial necrosis. Myocardial injury…
Hospital Medicine

Pain management

Inpatient Pain Management I. Problem/Condition. Pain is highly prevalent in the hospital. Studies suggest that as high as 40-50% of inpatients experience pain of at least moderate severity, and under-assessment and under-treatment are common. Unrelieved pain has a significant impact on patient satisfaction, functional recovery, psychosocial wellbeing, length of stay, as well as readmission. International…

Common Bile Duct Exploration – Procedures

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Common bile duct procedures may cause problems for many practitioners because of the associated comorbidities. It is not uncommon that these patients present with significant cardiopulmonary issues. What raises the level of acuity is the presence of liver dysfunction and/or concomitant sepsis. Some of the patients…
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