Your search for COPD returned 777 results

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Appendectomy – Procedures

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix to treat appendicitis. The surgery can often be done using laparoscopic appendectomy or open appendectomy. General anesthesia is commonly used in both procedures. 1. What is the urgency of the surgery? What is the risk of delay in…
Hospital Medicine

Ventricular tachycardia

Ventricular Tachycardia I. What Every Physician Needs to Know Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a potentially life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia that presents as a wide complex tachycardia. It most commonly occurs in patients with structural heart disease or acute myocardial infarction (MI), but may also result from drug toxicity, genetic ion channel disorders, electrolyte abnormalities, or as…
Hospital Medicine

Iron deficiency

I. What every physician needs to know. There is no active excretory mechanism to remove iron from the body – it is only lost through the shedding of cells via desquamation (dermal, intestinal, and genitourinary) and bleeding. As such, consideration of occult bleeding should be undertaken in adult men and post menopausal women in whom…
Critical Care Medicine

Intra-abdominal infection

Intra-abdominal infection Synonyms Peritonitis, intra-abdominal abscess, intra-abdominal sepsis, complicated- and uncomplicated intra-abdominal infection Related conditions Cholecystitis, pancreatitis, appendicitis, diverticulitis, colitis, perforated viscous, bowel obstruction, clostiridium difficile colitis, abdominal compartment syndrome, hepatic abscess, mesenteric ischemia, postoperative peritonitis, primary peritonitis, secondary peritonitis, tertiary peritonitis, peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis 1. Description of the problem What every…

Cardiorenal syndrome in heart failure patients

I. Cardiorenal Syndrome: What every physician needs to know. The term cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) refers to a condition in which either renal impairment occurs as a result of cardiac dysfunction, or heart structure and function are negatively affected by renal disorders. The damage/dysfunction can be produced in either the heart or the kidney by an…
Critical Care Medicine

Drug-Induced Lung Disease

Drug-induced Lung Disease Also known as Drug-induced pneumonitis/fibrosis Drug-induced non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema Bronchiolitis Obliterans and Organizing Pneumonia Drug-induced Bronchospasm Medication-related pleural effusions Drug-induced Pulmonary renal syndromes Drug-induced lupus Medication-related pulmonary vascular disease Medication-related diffuse alveolar hemorrhage 1. Description of the problem Adverse drug reactions constitute the fifth or sixth leading cause of death in the…
Hospital Medicine

Dilated cardiomyopathy I. Problem/Condition. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition of the failing heart where ventricles of the heart are dilated accompanied with decreased in ejection fraction. Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of death and disability in industrialized nations. Approximately 4.9 million Americans have been diagnosed with the disease and another 550,000 new…
Hospital Medicine

Acute myelocytic leukemia (acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia)

I. What every physician needs to know. Acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) is a disorder of uncontrolled proliferation of undifferentiated myeloid precursor cells. This leads to accumulation of immature myeloid cells, myeloblasts, in the bone marrow and usually their presence in the peripheral blood. Acute leukemias are differentiated from chronic leukemias by the predominance of the…
Hospital Medicine

Ischemic stroke

Ischemic Stroke I. What every physician needs to know. Ischemic stroke manifests as neurologic deficits resulting from reduction in cerebral perfusion below the limits of electrical activity in a focal region of brain. Without resumption of blood flow this can progress inexorably to permanent infarction. Early evaluation focuses on correct diagnosis of ischemia and identification…
Nephrology Hypertension

Hypertension: Hypertension crisis (Hypertension, hypertensive emergencies, hypertensive urgency, malignant hypertension)

Does this patient have hypertensive crisis Hypertensive crisis is present if the elevated blood pressure (BP) is complicated by progressive target organ dysfunction, e.g., heart failure, coronary vascular disease, aortic dissection, encephalopathy, acute renal failure, intracranial or subarachnoid hemorrhge or fundoscopy reveals hypertensive neuroretinopathy indicative of malignant hypertension. What is hypertensive crisis? What are some…
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