Your search for COPD returned 777 results

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Hospital Medicine

Ischemic stroke

Ischemic Stroke I. What every physician needs to know. Ischemic stroke manifests as neurologic deficits resulting from reduction in cerebral perfusion below the limits of electrical activity in a focal region of brain. Without resumption of blood flow this can progress inexorably to permanent infarction. Early evaluation focuses on correct diagnosis of ischemia and identification…
Hospital Medicine

Pre-eclampsia, Eclampsia and Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension

I. What Every Physician Needs to Know. Pre-eclampsia is a syndrome of unknown etiology complicating human pregnancy. It is characterized by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks gestation and may involve multiple organ systems. While severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are uncommon, they can be catastrophic and are one of the leading…

Disease Management Programs: Patient Selection and Outcomes

I. Disease Management Programs: What every physician needs to know. Optimizing outcomes for patients with heart failure Disease management (DM) programs provide a systematic approach to optimizing care and outcomes for patients with heart failure (HF), the treatment of which is often complicated by one or more coexisting conditions, polypharmacy, psychosocial factors, health literacy issues,…

Fetal surgery

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Fetal surgery encompasses a broad range of possibilities, ranging from minimally-invasive procedures using 17-gauge needles, to complex cases that require two anesthesia teams, two operating rooms, and a team of neonatologists. These cases are truly multidisciplinary and communication between all teams is essential. An understanding of…
Hospital Medicine

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (IgA Vasculitis)

I. What every physician needs to know. Background Henoch Schönlein Purpura (HSP) is the most common small vessel vasculitis seen in children. Though it affects children predominately, 10-28% of patients with HSP are adults. The disease has also been called Schönlein-Henoch purpura, anaphylactoid purpura and purpura rheumatica. The 2012 International Chapel Hill Consensus Conference on…
Pulmonary Medicine

Infectious Complications in Lung Transplant Recipients

What every physician needs to know: Infections after lung transplant are often challenging to diagnose and treat because of several complicating factors, including more severe presentations of common infections resulting from immunosuppression, uncommon infections due to immunosuppression, concomitant allograft dysfunction or rejection-mimicking infection, and significant interactions between anti-infectives and immunosuppressant medications. The origin of infections…
Hospital Medicine

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

What every physician needs to know: Aspergillus fumigatus is a ubiquitous mold in the environment. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a disease that results from a hypersensitivity response to aspergillus in the airways. ABPA is part of a spectrum of respiratory disorders that can be caused by Aspergillus. First described by Hinson and colleagues in…
Hospital Medicine

Pre-excitation syndrome (WPW)

Pre-Excitation Syndrome I. What every physician needs to know. Ventricular pre-excitation is a condition in which some or all of the ventricular muscle of the heart undergoes electrical activation (or depolarization) earlier in relation to atrial events than would be expected had the electrical impulses travelled normally by way of the atrioventricular (AV) conduction system.…
Critical Care Medicine

Low Cardiac output

1. Description of the problem What every clinician needs to know There is no consensus on the absolute definition of a “low cardiac output state.” It is a syndrome evidenced by a low cardiac output or cardiac index (cardiac index <2.4L/min/m2) with evidence of organ dysfunction—for example, a high lactate or urine output <0.5 ml/kg/hour.…
Pulmonary Medicine

Pulmonary Complications of Hematologic Diseases, Including Leukemia and Bone Marrow Transplantation

What every physician needs to know: Introduction Pulmonary complications of hematologic diseases like leukemia or after bone marrow or hematopoietic stem cell transplantations (HSCT) are common. Making the correct diagnosis and implementing an appropriate treatment plan require an understanding of the underlying malignancy, the potential toxicities of current or prior chemotherapy and radiation, the immunosuppressive…
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