Heart Failure Information Center
Increase of 585 percent seen in methamphetamine-associated cardiomyopathy/heart failure hospitalizations from 2008 to 2018
Preliminary Diagnosis: Cardiomyopathy I. What imaging technique is first-line for this diagnosis? 2-D echocardiography II. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this technique for diagnosis of cardiomyopathy. Advantages Can assess for chamber dilatation, myocardial wall thinning or thickening, abnormal ejection fraction and increased end-diastolic volume, systolic obstruction Diagnostic Disadvantages Imaging may be limited by obese…
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, valvular heart disease, and dilated cardiomyopathy are among the most common causes.
OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has a cardiomyopathy? What are the typical findings for this disease? There are five different types of cardiomyopathy: dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, and left ventricular noncompaction). The type of cardiomyopathy is primarily defined by characteristic findings on…
Is there a role for anticoagulation in a patient who has nonischemic cardiomyopathy with...
I. What every physician needs to know. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common genetic cardiac disease, and occurs when there is marked left ventricular hypertrophy in the absence of inciting factors, such as hypertension. It is caused by autosomal dominant mutations in one of 10 different genes coding for proteins needed to form the cardiac…
Mavacamten was found to improve left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
In diagnosing patients who present with acute-onset chest pain, clinicians should be aware of evolving conditions that cannot be missed.
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cardiomyopathy in Pregnancy 1. What every clinician should know Clinical features and incidence The hemodynamic changes that accompany pregnancy place increased workload on the heart. Prepartum During pregnancy the following hemodynamic changes occur and peak at the beginning of the third trimester: intravascular volume increases by 1500-1600 ml; heart rate and stroke volume increase, resulting…
I. Problem/Condition. The nomenclature and classifications used in heart failure and associated cardiomyopathies often contain overlap and can lead to confusion. Restrictive cardiomyopathy is characterized by abnormal diastolic filling due to a stiff, non-compliant ventricle. Both the right and left ventricles can be affected, and systolic function is typically preserved. Ventricular stiffening may be caused…