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Your search for hospital associated infections returned 48 results

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Hospital Infection Control

Yeast/molds – Candida

What are the key principles of preventing yeast/molds – Candida? Most infections due to Candidaspp. arise from an individual’s own flora (i.e., they are endogenous). Since Candidais a normal commensal flora, it requires a breach in the host’s anti-Candida barrier in order to invade and cause infection. The most common breaches in the anti-Candida barrier…
Critical Care Medicine

Intra-abdominal infection

Intra-abdominal infection Synonyms Continue Reading Peritonitis, intra-abdominal abscess, intra-abdominal sepsis, complicated- and uncomplicated intra-abdominal infection Related conditions Cholecystitis, pancreatitis, appendicitis, diverticulitis, colitis, perforated viscous, bowel obstruction, clostiridium difficile colitis, abdominal compartment syndrome, hepatic abscess, mesenteric ischemia, postoperative peritonitis, primary peritonitis, secondary peritonitis, tertiary peritonitis, peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis 1. Description of the problem…
Hospital Infection Control

Endoscopy

What are the key issues surrounding gastrointestinal endoscopy related infection prevention and control? Gastrointestinal endoscopy dates back to 1911 when the gastroscope was first developed. It was not until 1950 when the “gastro camera” was introduced, allowing physicians to take images of gastric ulcers. Since then the field of endoscopy has advanced tremendously with the…
Infectious Diseases

Enterococcus, Streptococcus gallolyticus group (formerly Streptococcus bovis)

OVERVIEW: What every clinician needs to know Pathogen name and classification Enterococci are facultatively anaerobic gram-positive cocci from the family Enterococcaceae. It is worth noting that these organisms were previously classified as belonging to the genus “Streptococcus” but were placed in their own genus, “Enterococcus,” after genetic analysis (DNA-DNA reassociation analysis and 16S rRNA sequencing)…
Infectious Diseases

Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B)

OVERVIEW: What every clinician needs to know Pathogen name and classification Streptococcus agalactiae or group B streptococcus (GBS)—a gram-positive, β-hemolytic organism in the Streptococcus genus that carries the Lancefield group B antigen. GBS are encapsulated organisms and ten antigenically distinct capsular serotypes have been described (1a, 1b, II–IX). What is the best treatment? What are…
Pediatrics

Diaphragmatic hernia

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has congenital diaphragmatic hernia? What are the typical findings for this disease? Diagnosis Most cases of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) are diagnosed prenatally (greater than 50%). Diagnosis is made on either routine prenatal ultrasound or as part of the work up for polyhydramnios.…
Hospital Infection Control

National and international surveillance

How do national and international surveillance techniques impact infection control? Surveillance is the continuous and systematic process of collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of descriptive information for monitoring health problems. The Study of Efficacy of Nosocomial Infection Control (SENIC) was a nationwide project that demonstrated for the first time that surveillance and the dissemination of…
Hospital Infection Control

Bloodstream infections

Bloodstream infections Vascular Catheter Related BSIs Mechanical Circulating Support-Related BSIs Vascular catheters are placed for intravascular medication, treatment or monitoring. Risk of bloodstream infection is higher when these vascular access devices (VADs) are placed as central lines. There are a number of VADs listed in Table I. Continue Reading Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices (MCSDs) are…
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