Your search for influenza vaccine returned 360 results

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Hospital Medicine


OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has sepsis? What should you expect to find? Definition Sepsis is defined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by an abnormal host response to infection. A subset of patients with sepsis will show signs of circulatory and metabolic abnormalities that can significantly increase…
Infectious Diseases

Parameningeal Infections (other than brain abscess)

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Subdural empyema is a localized collection of pus contained between the dura and arachnoid. Accounting for 15 to 20% of all intracranial infections, subdural empyema is the most common intracranial infection associated with sinusitis. Headache and fever are common early symptoms given the ability of the infection to…
Pulmonary Medicine

Infectious Complications in Lung Transplant Recipients

What every physician needs to know: Infections after lung transplant are often challenging to diagnose and treat because of several complicating factors, including more severe presentations of common infections resulting from immunosuppression, uncommon infections due to immunosuppression, concomitant allograft dysfunction or rejection-mimicking infection, and significant interactions between anti-infectives and immunosuppressant medications. The origin of infections…


OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has mastoiditis? What are the typical findings for this disease? Mastoiditis is inflammation of the mastoid air cells, air-filled mucosal lined spaces within the temporal bone. Mastoiditis can be acute or chronic, based on the severity of disease and type and time-course of…
Hospital Infection Control

Gram negative bacteria – Neisseria meningitides

What are the key principles of preventing gram negative bacteria – Neisseria meningitides? Occupational exposure Occupationally acquire meningococcal disease outside of the laboratory is rarely reported, perhaps in part because of rapid use of PEP. To decrease the risk for infectious disease transmission to health-care personnel, the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee recommends use…

Diaphragmatic hernia

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has congenital diaphragmatic hernia? What are the typical findings for this disease? Diagnosis Most cases of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) are diagnosed prenatally (greater than 50%). Diagnosis is made on either routine prenatal ultrasound or as part of the work up for polyhydramnios.…
Critical Care Medicine

Infection in the (non-transplant) patient on immunosuppressive medications

1. Description of the problem Although this chapter emphasizes opportunistic infections, any agent that can infect a normal host can affect the non-transplant patient on immunosuppressive medications. Pulmonary infections with respiratory compromise There is significant overlap among different pathogens. Hypoxemia and tachypnea are hallmark symptoms of respiratory compromise. Conventional pyogenic organisms remain the most common…
Gastroenterology Hepatology

Portal hypertension

How can I be sure that the patient has portal hypertension? Portal hypertension may be clinically silent or it may present with life-threatening gastrointestinal symptoms, such as bleeding. Signs and symptoms are varied and related to the underlying cause of the portal hypertension. – Systemic: thrombocytopenia, splenomegaly, caput medusae, hemorrhoids, spider angiomata, or palmar erythema…
Hospital Medicine

Ischemic stroke

Ischemic Stroke I. What every physician needs to know. Ischemic stroke manifests as neurologic deficits resulting from reduction in cerebral perfusion below the limits of electrical activity in a focal region of brain. Without resumption of blood flow this can progress inexorably to permanent infarction. Early evaluation focuses on correct diagnosis of ischemia and identification…
Critical Care Medicine

Immunodeficiencies in Infants and Children

Treating opportunistic infections in HIV-infected children and adolescents Synonyms Pediatric AIDS, Pediatric HIV Related conditions Mycobacteria [Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)], Invasive and Recurrent Bacterial Infections, Fungi [Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia (PCP), Candida species, Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasmosis], Protozoa [Toxoplasmosis] and Viruses [Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Simplex Virus I and II and Varicella Zoster]. 1. Description of the…
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