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Your search for obesity returned 1740 results

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Gastroenterology Hepatology

Evaluation of a patient with a liver mass

Evaluation of a patient with liver mass The differential diagnosis of a mass in the liver is broad but can be easily narrowed down based on two factors that are usually known at the time of presentation: (1) suspected or proven chronic liver disease and (2) solid or cystic lesion. Also known as : Liver…
Pulmonary Medicine

Chest Wall Disorders (include scoliosis, chest wall tumors, trauma)

What every physician needs to know: Common disorders of the chest wall may be broadly considered in three categories: chest wall trauma, chest wall masses, and scoliosis. Chest Wall Trauma Thoracic trauma includes injuries to the chest wall and the intrathoracic structures. Chest wall trauma is seen in 30 percent of patients who present with…
Endocrinology Metabolism

Osteomalacia

Are you sure your patient has Osteomalacia and what should you expect to find? Osteomalacia means softening of the bones and refers to defective or delayed mineralization of the organic matrix (osteoid) of cancellous and cortical bone. Rickets refers to impaired mineralization of the cartilaginous growth plate and abnormal endochondral bone formation and, therefore, cannot…
Pediatrics

Hypocalcemia

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has hypocalcemia? What are the typical findings for this disease? Hypocalcemia may present with irritability, tetany, seizures, apnea (in the neonate), laryngospasm or paresthesias (in the older child). The presence of a prolonged QT interval by electrocardiography is a physiologic marker of hypocalcemia.…
Obstetrics and Gynecology

Headache

Migraine headache 1. What every clinician should know Migraine is a neurologic disorder with attacks that generally will include throbbing pain, activity intolerance, nausea, and light and sound sensitivity. In about 30% of individuals, attacks are preceded by an aura—most commonly visual phenomena that migrate across the visual field. Migraine affects roughly 12% of the…
Pediatrics

Non-Hodgkins

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Are you sure your patient has Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma? What are the typical findings for this disease? Pediatric Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (NHL) includes a group of malignancies arising from lymphoid cells and organs. NHL can affect children at any age. Children generally present with adenopathy and systemic symptoms such as…
Pediatrics

Heat-related illness

OVERVIEW: What every practitioner needs to know Heat illness is caused by the inability to maintain normal body temperature because of excessive heat production or exposure, an inability to dissipate the heat, or a combination of both. Heat exhaustion and heat stroke will be addressed in this chapter. Are you sure your patient has heat-related…
Obstetrics and Gynecology

Influenza in Pregnancy

Influenza 1. What every clinician should know Influenza is a common infectious disease caused by a family of RNA viruses (orthomyxoviruses) capable of infecting a wide variety of bird and mammalian species. In humans, characteristic symptoms include fever, sore throat, myalgias, chills, cough, headache, fatigue and malaise. Influenza viruses are transmitted primarily by aerosols created…
Cardiology

Radial Access and Intervention

General description of procedure, equipment, technique Transradial angiography and intervention includes vascular procedures performed via radial arterial access. Because the radial artery is smaller in diameter compared with the femoral artery, and is more superficially located, hemostasis after transradial procedures is easily obtained. The body of evidence suggests a significant reduction in access-site bleeding and…
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