Sexually Transmitted Diseases
A 25-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with a chief complaint of headache, back pain, and fever, while also experiencing some vaginal itching and discharge.
Excessive alcohol consumption does not impact the decline of CD4 cell count in patients with HIV who have not undergone antiretroviral treatments.
The USPSTF reports that pregnant women can benefit from screening for syphilis infection.
According to the report, 1.6 million cases were chlamydia, and there were 470,000 cases of gonorrhea and almost 28,000 primary and secondary syphilis cases.
Adolescents might not seek care or might delay seeking care for STD services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out.
With daily use Listerine may increase gonococcal clearance and have important implications for prevention strategies.
The largest increase in reported STD cases occurred in P&S syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia.
A greater understanding of the healthcare issues specific to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community may improve the quality of care.
Men who have sex with men can reduce their risk of contracting HIV by taking PrEP before and after sex instead of every day.
The CDC said that too few Americans who have an increased risk for HIV are taking the PrEP pill to help protect them against HIV.
In 2014, the CDC reported the highest number of cases of chlamydia ever. These increasing rates are fueled by the population of gay and bisexual men.
The rate of babies born with syphilis rose sharply from 2012 to 2014, and in 15% of congenital syphilis cases, the mothers were never tested during pregnancy.
The study tracked HIV incidence statistics in 36 sub-Saharan countries from 1990 through 2012 and correlated them with periods of conflict and peace in each country.
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, have found that pre-exposure prophylaxis can be effective in preventing HIV in transgender women when used consistently.
Molecules engineered to target killer T cells and HIV-infected cells can reduce detectable HIV expression in HIV-positive patients.
HIV-negative gay men are less likely to contract HIV with daily pre-exposure prophylaxis.
Over more than two years, none of 657 patients contracted HIV while taking Truvada, though some contracted other STDs.
Understanding the nontraditional terminology used by men who have sex with men will help form a successful patient-provider relationship.
Recognizing red flag symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and increased substance use, is important in helping victims who are reluctant to report the assault.
Pericoital application of tenofovir gel, previously studied for HIV, linked to reduced risk of herpes infection.
Approximately 40% of girls and 60% of boys aged 13 to 17 have not received the HPV vaccine.
In emergency rooms, UTIs are overdiagnosed while STIs are underdiagnosed in women.
Since the new Pap test guidelines have been established, rates of chlamydia screening have dropped.
The Cervarix vaccine may be as effective in one or two doses as it is with three.
Nearly one-fifth of teens and younger adults in the United States have been tested recently for HIV.
Even after being contacted about the results of their test by a community nurse, more than 40% of patients did not seek out treatment.
NIH-funded trial results appear likely to impact global treatment guidelines according to the researchers.
The vaccine was safe and well tolerated, inducing anti-Tat antibodies in 79% of patients.
Clinicians acknowledge that one of the main drawbacks in current HIV treatments is the problem of adherence.
Treatment would augment existing medications, noted the investigators