Sleep Disorders

Will a New Cooling Device Benefit Patients With Insomnia?

Will a New Cooling Device Benefit Patients With Insomnia?

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Therapeutics to cool the brain may someday be a safer alternative to hypnotics.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Can Be Effectively Managed in Primary Care

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Can Be Effectively Managed in Primary Care

Findings based on a portable monitor and use of a semi-automatic treatment algorithm

Discrepancy of Sleep in Patients with Paradoxical Insomnia

Discrepancy of Sleep in Patients with Paradoxical Insomnia

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In patients with paradoxical insomnia, also called sleep state misperception, there is a significant discrepancy between objective sleep quality and subjective perception of sleep.

Frightening parasomnias of childhood sleep

Frightening parasomnias of childhood sleep

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Parasomnias usually occur in healthy children, but the differential can include neurologic, psychiatric, and mental disorders, so careful observation and a good history and physical are important.

Sleep wake regulation in progressive supranuclear palsy

Sleep wake regulation in progressive supranuclear palsy

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Patients with progressive supranuclear palsy may have difficulty with sleep/wake regulation that can lead to profound sleep deprivation.

Poor sleep exacerbates PTSD, chronic pain association in youth

Poor sleep exacerbates PTSD, chronic pain association in youth

The quality of sleep partly relieved the correlation between PSTD and pain intensity, interference.

Prazosin not effective in reducing nightmares in posttraumatic stress disorder

Prazosin not effective in reducing nightmares in posttraumatic stress disorder

Prazosin does not alleviate distressing dreams or improve sleep quality among veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder

Sleep disturbance in psoriasis leads to psychological and physical predictors

Sleep disturbance in psoriasis leads to psychological and physical predictors

Sleep complaints among individuals with psoriasis warrant greater clinical attention, as they have a greater chance for developing obstructive sleep apnea.

Obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a new clinical practice guideline

Obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a new clinical practice guideline

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Six guidelines establish updated clinical practice recommendations for the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults.

Managing headaches in patients with sleep disorders

Managing headaches in patients with sleep disorders

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Some well-known sleep disorders are associated with headaches, including sleep apnea and parasomnias.

Restless legs syndrome: a new practice guideline

Restless legs syndrome: a new practice guideline

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Evidence shows strong support for prescribing pramipexole, rotigotine, cabergoline, or gabapentin enacarbil to treat adults with restless legs syndrome symptoms.

Increased mortality rates in patients with nocturia

Increased mortality rates in patients with nocturia

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Patients who experience nocturia, or frequent urination during the night, may have increased mortality rates.

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for widespread obstructive sleep apnea screening

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for widespread obstructive sleep apnea screening

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The USPSTF gave existing evidence an "I" recommendation.

OSA treatment linked to depression improvement

OSA treatment linked to depression improvement

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Patients presenting with depression should be evaluated for sleep disorders.

Hyperarousal and use of prescription sleep aids

Hyperarousal and use of prescription sleep aids

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Hyperarousal is linked to an increased likelihood of a patient using prescription sleep aids.

Behavioral interventions can provide significant sleep benefits in infants

Behavioral interventions can provide significant sleep benefits in infants

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No adverse stress reactions or long-term effects on parent-child attachment were noted.

Increased risk of Parkinson disease in female patients with sleep apnea

Increased risk of Parkinson disease in female patients with sleep apnea

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The sleep concerns of female patients are often diagnosed as depression rather than obstructive sleep apnea, leading to increased risks for certain diseases.

Lifestyle changes can reduce risk of restless legs syndrome

Lifestyle changes can reduce risk of restless legs syndrome

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Patients who are sedentary, obese, or smokers have an increased risk of developing restless leg syndrome.

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Young adults with sleep problems have increased risks of developing chronic pain and experiencing worsening in pain severity.

Is obstructive sleep apnea linked to low levels of vitamin D?

Is obstructive sleep apnea linked to low levels of vitamin D?

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Understanding the link between vitamin D deficiency and obstructive sleep apnea can be challenging.

CPAP leads to improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

CPAP leads to improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

The CPAP group had a larger decrease in HbA1c levels after 6 months.

Sleepwalkers don't feel pain during sleep

Sleepwalkers don't feel pain during sleep

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Although people who sleepwalk may injure themselves, they often do not feel pain until they are awake.

Understanding the Mallampati score

Understanding the Mallampati score

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The Mallampati score is a simple, quick test that can be a good predictor of obstructive sleep apnea.

The other signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea

The other signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea

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Look for symptoms like headaches, daytime sleepiness, and forgetfulness when diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea.

Insomnia—Using 
natural modalities and OTC treatments

Insomnia—Using 
natural modalities and OTC treatments

Insomnia can be treated via nonprescription medications and modalities.

Atrial fibrillation linked to central sleep apena, disordered sleep breathing in older men

Atrial fibrillation linked to central sleep apena, disordered sleep breathing in older men

Incident atrial fibrillation in older men can be predicted by central sleep apnea but not by obstructive apnea or hypoxemia.

Unexplained weight gain? Consider sleep-related eating disorders

Unexplained weight gain? Consider sleep-related eating disorders

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For patients who are gaining weight seemingly without cause, consider sleep-related eating disorders for a diagnosis.

Vitamin D and improved sleep in African-Americans

Vitamin D and improved sleep in African-Americans

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Maintaining healthy vitamin D levels may benefit sleep and cardiovascular health in African-American patients.

Are smartphone apps helpful for sleep?

Are smartphone apps helpful for sleep?

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The use of sleep apps is growing among patients, but the data they provide may not be reliable.

Short sleep duration increases risk of metabolic syndrome

Short sleep duration increases risk of metabolic syndrome

Dose-response association, with 1.5-fold increase among those sleeping less than five hours

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