Sleep Archive

Sleep Quality in Women With Surgical vs Natural Menopause

Women who undergo surgical menopause have significantly worse sleep quality than those who experience natural menopause.

Monitoring Movement Reflects Efficacy of Mandibular Splint

Monitoring mandibular movement reflects efficacy of oral appliance therapy in obstructive sleep apnea.

Digital Cognitive Therapy Eases Daytime Effects of Insomnia

Benefits include better functional health, sleep-related quality of life, psychological well-being.

Sleep Duration, Stroke Link Varies With Race, Sex

Short sleep duration linked to reduced risk for black men; risk up for white men with long sleep duration.

Light Therapy Offers Nonpharmacologic Treatment for Perimenopausal Depression

Light treatments successfully corrected abnormal timing of melatonin circadian rhythms in perimenopausal women with depression and improved mood and sleep within 2 weeks.

Call to Better Investigate the Associations Between Sleep Disturbances and Chronic Pain

Although literature indicates bidirectional associations between sleep disturbances and pain, few longitudinal studies have examined the role of sleep disturbances in contributing to chronic pain.

Cancer Patients Treated With Step III Opioids Often Have Sleep Disturbances

The majority of patients with cancer who are being treated with World Health Organization Step III opioids were found to experience poor sleep quality, often due to pain.

Pediatric Ward Noise at Night Exceeds Recommended Levels

Poorer quality sleep for children, parents attributed to high levels of noise.

Portable Sleep Monitoring Accurate in Heart Failure Patients

Respiratory polygraphy can accurately diagnose sleep apnea in patients hospitalized with heart failure.

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Linked to Elevated β-Amyloid Accumulation in Elderly Persons

Elderly individuals without dementia who have elevated daytime sleepiness may be at greater risk for β-amyloid accumulation.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Can Be Effectively Managed in Primary Care

Findings based on a portable monitor and use of a semi-automatic treatment algorithm

Poor sleep exacerbates PTSD, chronic pain association in youth

The quality of sleep partly relieved the correlation between PSTD and pain intensity, interference.

Prazosin not effective in reducing nightmares in posttraumatic stress disorder

Prazosin does not alleviate distressing dreams or improve sleep quality among veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder

Sleep disturbance in psoriasis leads to psychological and physical predictors

Sleep complaints among individuals with psoriasis warrant greater clinical attention, as they have a greater chance for developing obstructive sleep apnea.

Sleep disorders may increase risk for Alzheimer's disease

Obstructive sleep apnea and sleep-disordered breathing are associated with amyloid deposition.

Obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a new clinical practice guideline

Six guidelines establish updated clinical practice recommendations for the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults.

Pharmacologic treatment of insomnia: a new clinical practice guideline

The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends that the new pharmacologic guidelines be used in conjunction with other AASM guidelines for insomnia.

USPSTF: Evidence lacking for obstructive sleep apnea screening

The USPSTF found that there is uncertainty about the accuracy of screening tools for obstructive sleep apnea in adults.

Restless legs syndrome: a new practice guideline

Evidence shows strong support for prescribing pramipexole, rotigotine, cabergoline, or gabapentin enacarbil to treat adults with restless legs syndrome symptoms.

USPSTF finds insufficient evidence for widespread obstructive sleep apnea screening

The USPSTF gave existing evidence an "I" recommendation.

Behavioral interventions can provide significant sleep benefits in infants

No adverse stress reactions or long-term effects on parent-child attachment were noted.

Insufficient sleep may increase risky behavior in teens

Teens who have insufficient sleep are more likely to engage in risky behavior, including drunk driving.

Sleep problems in young adults associated with chronic pain later in life

Young adults with sleep problems have increased risks of developing chronic pain and experiencing worsening in pain severity.

CPAP leads to improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes

The CPAP group had a larger decrease in HbA1c levels after 6 months.

Atrial fibrillation linked to central sleep apena, disordered sleep breathing in older men

Incident atrial fibrillation in older men can be predicted by central sleep apnea but not by obstructive apnea or hypoxemia.

Long naps, daytime sleepiness may increase type 2 diabetes risk

Daytime sleepiness and long naps may be associated with significantly increased risks of developing type 2 diabetes.

Inadequate sleep increases risk for common cold

People who get six hours of sleep have a 4.2 times risk of catching a cold compared with people who get seven hours of sleep a night.

Short sleep duration increases risk of metabolic syndrome

Dose-response association, with 1.5-fold increase among those sleeping less than five hours

Shift work may pose threat to metabolic health

Excess weight and sleep issues are more common among those with changing schedules.

Sleep impacts sexual desire, response in women

Overall, women with longer average sleep duration reported better genital arousal than women with shorter average sleep length.

Losing 30 minutes of sleep may increase obesity risk

For every 30 minutes of lost weekday sleep, the risk of obesity and insulin resistance increased substantially.

Melatonin may pose health risks for children

Animal research suggesting that melatonin affects reproductive and endocrine health raises questions about its safety in children with sleep disorders.

Sleeping more than eight hours per night may increase stroke risk

Participants who reported being long sleepers faced double the risk of stroke when compared to those who reported average sleep times.

Chronic insomnia tied to increased hypertension risk

Patients with chronic insomnia who took longer than 14 minutes to fall asleep had a 300% higher risk of hypertension.

Too little, too much sleep increase ulcerative colitis risk

Patients who slept more or less than the recommended seven to eight hours per night had higher incidence of ulcerative colitis.

OSA severity predicts incident diabetes risk

At five years, the cumulative incidence of diabetes was 9.1% among patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea linked to osteoporosis

Patients with sleep apnea were found to be 2.7 times more likely to develop osteoporosis.

Men and women with OSA at equal risk for stroke

Although OSA has been linked to increased stroke risk in men, a new study finds equal incidence of stroke in female OSA patients.

Health risks of poor sleep continue to mount

Recent studies add to the evidence demonstrating the detrimental health effects of troubled sleep.

Sleep disturbance common in chronic HCV

Insomnia, fatigue, depression and a reduced quality of life more common in patients with hepatitis C.

Hetlioz approved for sleep disorder in blind people

The condition, non-24-hour sleep wake disorder, stems from inability to govern sleep from light-dark cycles.

Daytime sleepiness may predict diabetic hypoglycemia

Patients with high scores on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale were significantly more likely to have severe hypoglycemia.

Osteoarthritis pain negatively affects spouse's sleep

Compromised sleep may be one pathway to spousal caregivers' increased risk of health problems.

Restless legs syndrome linked to higher mortality in men

Study shows a significant correlation between men with restless legs syndrome and mortality.

Treatment of sleep apnea no worse in primary care vs specialist setting

Management of obstructive sleep apnea in a primary care setting is noninferior to care at specialist sleep centers.

FDA recommends lower Ambien doses

Blood levels of zolpidem at current recommended bedtime dosages may be high enough the next morning to impair activities that require alertness, such as driving.

Alcohol contraindicated with Xyrem

The FDA is warning against taking sodium oxybate with alcohol or CNS depressant drugs, due to increased risk for impaired consciousness and respiratory distress.

Poor sleep increases injury risk in teen athletes

Not getting enough sleep increases adolescent athletes risk for sports injuries.

AAP updates pediatric sleep apnea guidelines

The American Academy of Pediatrics has released revised clinical practice guidelines for treating children with obstructive sleep apnea.

Study identifies sleep apnea in 50 percent of women

Obstructive sleep apnea in women was linked to age, obesity, hypertension, not daytime sleepiness.

Sleep apnea linked to diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be at higher risk for diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

Sleep measures no help in predicting fibromyalgia pain

Spatial extent of pain, pain aftersensation and negative mood were better predictors of pain variance than measures of poor sleep.

Poor sleep linked to obesity and diabetes

Prolonged inadequate sleep and circadian disruption lower resting metabolic rate and reduce pancreatic insulin secretion, study results indicate.

Sleeping pill deaths may exceed 500,000 annually

Sleeping pill use was associated with a three- to five-fold higher mortality risk compared to nonuse, even among patients taking relatively few pills a year.

Sleep disturbance linked to cardiometabolic disease risk

Difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep and sleeping too much may pose significant risk factors for obesity, myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary artery disease and diabetes.

Untreated sleep apnea linked to cardio mortality in women

Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure reduces sleep apnea cardiovascular mortality risk among women.

Insomnia increases cardiovascular risk, testosterone protective

Although low serum testosterone is associated with increased adiposity, an adverse metabolic risk profile, and atherosclerosis, few studies have shown a protective link between endogenous testosterone and cardiovascular events, until recently.

Sleep apnea linked to cognitive decline

Women who experienced 15 or more apnea or hypopnea events per hour of sleep had higher rates of mild cognitive impairment and dementia after five years than those without, study findings indicate.

Sleep loss affects testosterone

Testosterone levels were lower after sleep loss than after more appropriate rest intervals, with the effect of restricted sleep especially apparent between 2 pm and 10 pm.

Sleep disorders prevalent in U.S. women

Around 60% of women are tired during the day. A presenter at the American Academy of Physician Assistants' 39th Annual PA Meeting spoke about the causes and offered clinicians tips for treating patients with sleep disorders.

Simple intervention helps older adults with insomnia

A cognitive behavioral intervention improved insomnia for up to six months.

Sleep complaints predict metabolic syndrome

Screening for common sleep complaints in routine clinical practice may help identify patients at risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Sleepiness may point to Alzheimer's risk

Cognitive fluctuations significantly affect dementia severity and neuropsychological performance.

Agent battles excessive sleepiness

Nuvigil promotes wakefulness in patients with various sleep disorders

Too little sleep boosts BP in some patients

Lack of sleep may be at the root of hypertension in some middle-aged patients

Snoring deemed risk factor for atherosclerosis

Researchers have isolated heavy snoring as an independent risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis

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