Two out of three people with diabetes have hypertension, and because of this, are up to four times more likely to have a stroke. This MRI image shows a stroke involving the left temporal-occipital region (purple).
Cardiovascular disease accounts for 50% or more of all diabetes fatalities and many of its complications. This light micrograph shows atherosclerosis, the thickening of the arterial walls that can lead to clot formation or severe blockage and result in myocardial infarction or stroke.
This light micrograph shows glomerulus in a diabetic patient’s kidney. Elevated levels of total cholesterol, glycated hemoglobin (Hb A1c) and BP are significantly associated with impaired kidney function, increased albuminuria, and decreased renal function resulting in diabetic nephropathy.
People with diabetes can also develop nerve damage throughout the body over time. This 73-year-old woman with diabetes has a fixed left eye due to paralysis of the lateral rectus muscle in the eye, causing double vision.
Diabetic Foot Ulcer
Atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes can lead to inadequate blood supply to the limbs and ischaemia. When this happens necrosis can occur, resulting in foot ulcers like the one pictured here.
This type of diabetic retinopathy, called diabetic maculopathy, is seen as dark and yellow patches over the macula. These patches are exudates that have leaked from blood vessels damaged by diabetes. Because the macula is crucial for visual acuity, this can cause irreversible vision loss.
Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90% to 95% of all cases of diabetes in the United States. In 2007, the direct medical cost for these patients was $116 billion and the indirect cost for disability, work loss and premature mortality was $58 billion.If left unmanaged, hyperglycemia caused by this chronic, life-long condition can cause long-term damage to various organs and tissues. View the slideshow below to learn more about complications associated with type 2 diabetes.For more information on diabetes, visit our Diabetes Resource Center.