Smoking & Tobacco Information Center Archive
Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.
Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.
Researchers observed a positive correlation between the amount and duration of smoking and the occurrence of psoriasis.
Serum concentration levels of several antidepressants were lower in cigarette smokers compared with nonsmokers.
Countries committed to introducing policies such as high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces.
A strong inverse association between total fruit and vegetable consumption and COPD was observed in smokers but not in never-smokers.
Electronic cigarettes cause an imbalance of cardiac autonomic tone and increased oxidative stress, which may increase cardiovascular risk.
It is important to use the right terminology when discussing medical terms, specifically ones associated with smoke-related respiratory conditions, according to the researchers.
Men and women who quit smoking after entering HIV care at age 40 years gained 5.7 years and 4.6 years of life expectancy, respectively, compared with those who continued to smoke.
Results suggest that the legalization of recreational marijuana use led to the increase in children who were unintentionally exposed to the drug.
While most PAs believe that e-cigarettes are harmful to health, they need more reliable information to help inform clinical decisions.
Of those who quit abruptly, 49% and 22% were still non-smokers at 4 weeks and 6 months, respectively.
In 2014, nearly 9% of women who gave birth smoked during pregnancy.
Study results showed no significant difference based on the type of smoking cessation option they were given.
Researchers confirmed increased risks for infertility and natural menopause before age 50 in women who are either active smokers or regularly exposed to secondhand smoke.
A meta-analysis of 88 studies show a concrete link between current smokers and an elevated risk of type 2 diabetes.
Participants in the National Lung Screening Trial had a greater chance of quitting after clinicians scheduled follow-up counseling after screenings.
Smokers who quit within a year after acute myocardial infarction had intermediate levels of chest pain and mental health that were similar to those who had never smoked.
Teenagers who use e-cigarettes have an increased likelihood of using combustible tobacco products.
Children exposed to secondhand smoke are more likely to have a higher BMI by age 10.
The CDC reports that 75% of Americans supporting increasing the legal age for smoking to 21.
Almost 126,000 of the deaths attributed to smoking were from cancers of the lungs, bronchus, and trachea.
Quitting smoking improved spinal cord injury quality of life.
Nicotine patch treatment for 52 weeks may be safe, but may not be more effective than 24-week treatment for smoking cessation
Quitting smoking with nicotine patch treatment for 52 weeks appears safe but may not be more effective than 24 weeks.
Sneak interventions into any patient encounter using motivational interviewing techniques.
Deposit programs were twice as effective as the rewards programs, and five times more effective than simply receiving free smoking aids.
Nearly three-quarters of the women who had tried e-cigarettes believed they were less harmful than tobacco.
Exposing children to secondhand smoke may increase their risk for heart disease later in life.
Calling for a ban on television advertisements for e-cigarettes follows the American College's continuing policy supporting bans on all tobacco advertising.
The average age of diagnosis was 61 years among those with the variation and 65 years for those without the variation.
Raising the legal age would save thousands of lives and lower the number of smokers, according to an Institute of Medicine report.
Current smokers had death rates that were nearly three times higher than in people who had never smoked.
T/S ratio was greater in descending order in nonsmokers, compared with passive smokers, than in active smokers.
About 17% of the deaths in smokers were due to diseases that were not established by caused by smoking by the Surgeon General.
High-voltage e-cigarettes released enough formaldehyde-containing compounds to increase a patient's lifetime risk of cancer five to 15 times higher than the risk caused by long-term smoking.
Estimated health-care expenses associated with obesity and smoking increased between 1998 and 2011 by 25% and 30%, respectively.
Improvements in hypertension, cholesterol control, and smoking cessation rates among participants enrolled in a cardiovascular disease prevention program were seen.
Clinicians who treat patients with psoriasis may need additional training in lifestyle behavior modification initiatives.
Compared with patients who kept smoking, the risk of dying was still 34% lower among quitters who did not gain weight.
More regulation could stop young Americans from picking up the deadly habit.
Increasing omega-3 PUFA concentrations reduced cigarette cravings even after intervention.
CMS announced it has drafted a reimbursement proposal to cover annual computed tomography (CT) scans for high-risk patients.
Combination treatment better than either strategy alone.
Many Americans suffer from multiple conditions related to cigarettes and estimates suggest that COPD is underreported.
Low-dose computed tomography screening is a low-cost strategy that can help the estimated 4.9 million Medicare patients that could meet criteria for lung cancer.
Worse patient-reported outcomes, shorter treatment adherence, and poorer response to treatment among smokers.
Nearly 13 million U.S. adults had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 2011, and 24 million adults had signs of impaired lung function.
Maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with higher ADHD risk, but the association was stronger for females.
The combination treatment was associated with a higher continuous abstinence rate at 12 weeks and at 24 weeks.
The CDC reports that their 2012 anti-smoking campaign generated more than 100,000 additional calls to the agency's quit line.
Further research into smoking cessation within screening programs may continue to decrease smoking rates.
Although awareness has increased, there was no evidence that electronic cigarettes promoted smoking cessation.
Smoking is an independent risk factor for developing psoriasis.
Reducing tobacco use, alcohol consumption, obesity, high glucose levels, hypertension and salt intake could prevent 37 million deaths worldwide.
New research suggests hypertension and smoking, along with other modifiable factors like obesity and coronary disease may account for 50% of all strokes.
About half of toxicity calls to poison control centers attributable to e-cigarette exposure involved children younger than 5 years.
Baseline e-cigarette use does not significantly predict smoking cessation one year later.
Sale of cigarettes is inconsistent with a pharmacy's mission.
USPSTF is recommending routine one-time screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm in men aged 65 to 75 years who have ever smoked.
Most have moderately low levels of knowledge and comfort discussing e-cigarette use with teens, parents.
Former smokers may reap heart benefits of quitting earlier than initially thought.
Declines in smoking prevalence were smaller in the diabetic population than the general population, despite a 13% higher number of quitting attempts.
Using e-cigarettes as nicotine replacement therapy helped smokers significantly reduce the volume of cigarettes smoked compared with the patch.
Developing strategies to prevent marketing, sales, and use of e-cigarettes among youths is critical, CDC says.
Smokers whose lungs appear to be clear are in fact harboring airway cells that show early signs of impairment.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force is now recommending primary care interventions to prevent adolescent patients from using tobacco.
Adults aged 55 through 79 who have a 30 pack-year history of smoking or who have quit in the prior 15 years should undergo annual low-dose CT lung cancer screening.
There are more than 250 e-cigarette brands, each of which uses different liquid nicotine formulations, additives and flavorings.
Mothers who smoke while pregnant may be damaging their children's auditory abilities.
Rigorous smoking cessation counseling models can be effective in certain clinical settings.
Middle age stroke patients were 2.3 times more likely to smoke cannabis than healthy middle-aged controls.
Shorter life expectancy for smokers can be partially reversed by quitting smoking.
Risk of death from COPD, ischemic heart disease, stroke and all causes now similar among male and female smokers.
Smoking associated with worse saphenous vein graft patency at one and two years after CABG.
Patients taking varenicline had higher rates of major cardiovascular events, including death, MI and stroke than those taking placebo.
Exposure to secondhand smoke more than doubled the risk for invasive meningococcal disease in children in a meta-analysis.
Quitting smoking can reduce smokers' risk for sudden cardiac death, but even small-to-moderate amounts of smoking increase risk.
Increasing the tax on cigarettes could reduce the federal deficit, despite the fact that people would be living longer on Medicare.
The majority of smoking parents do not have smoke-free car policy.
A genetic marker previously identified as associated with smoking may also be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Hospital admissions due to cardiovascular and respiratory disease have decreased in areas that have adopted smoke-free legislation.
Women who quit smoking before age 30 years experienced dramatic improvements in life-expectancy compared with those who continued to smoke.
Current and ex-smokers have a higher risk for death or recurrent vascular events after a stroke than patients who have never smoked.
People who smoke are at increased risk for psoriasis, with the highest risk identified among heavy smokers and those who have smoked for many years.
When initiating smoking cessation interventions, taking a long-term chronic disease management approach similar to those initiated for patients with hypertension and diabetes helps smokers quit.
The FDA recently announced a labeling change for the smoking-cessation aid varenicline (Chantix) concerning cardiovascular risks.
Cytisine may offer additional affordable smoking cessation options.
Teens who were encouraged to exercise during a smoking cessation program, particularly boys, had significantly higher quit rates after six months.
Secondhand smoke exposure among 12 to 19 year olds was associated with increased risk for hearing loss, data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey indicate.
Women who smoke have a 25% greater risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) then men who smoke, data from a meta-analysis involving more than 2.4 million people indicate.
Identifying this behavior could help clinicians develop targeted smoking cessation interventions for those at greatest risk.
Children exposed to secondhand cigarette smoke had a 50% increased risk for neurobehavioral disorders compared with those with no exposure, data from the National Survey of Children's Health indicated.
Although data have shown that health care providers can have a positive influence on patient knowledge about the negative effects of smoking during pregnancy, many clinicians are not counseling their male and female patients about these risks, research presented during a poster presentation at the 39th American Academy of Physician Assistants Annual Meeting indicate.
The announcement comes following a decision from the D.C. Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals in which the court ruled that e-cigarettes should not be classified as drugs or devices unless they are marketed for therapeutic purposes.
Researchers attribute declines to fewer young people initiating tobacco use.
A simple blood test performed during regular annual physical exams may help clinicians promote smoking cessation among patients who are at high risk of developing emphysema.
Cigarette smoking associated with Lou Gerhig's Disease.
Smoking and genetic factors combine to increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.
Carcinogens enter smokers' bloodstream in minutes.
Inadequate levels of folic acid, passive smoking were significantly associated with age-related hearing loss.