Smoking & Tobacco Information Center Archive

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.

Adverse Effects of Marijuana Use in Pregnancy: Current Research Is Questionable at Best

Many women are unconvinced of the potential harmful effects of marijuana use in pregnancy due to the lack of available evidence.

Bigger Cut in Smoke Exposure for Immediate Nicotine Reduction

Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction have significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.

Prevalence of Marijuana Use Among US Adults in Past Year

Researchers found that 14.6 percent of adults reported marijuana use in the past year and 8.7 percent reported use in the past 30 days.

CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP and other signatories also call on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products

Smoking Screening Beneficial in Pediatric Pulmonology Clinics

Adaption of processes in pediatric pulmonology clinics that may eliminate tobacco use and exposure will help with decreasing medical expenses and hospital admissions for illnesses that can be triggered from smoke exposure.

Over 7% of pregnant women smoked in 2016

Of the women who gave birth in 2016, over 7% smoked cigarettes while pregnant.

E-cigarettes may lead youth to start smoking, adults to stop: NASEM report

A congressionally mandated report has found that e-cigarettes are likely to be far less harmful than conventional cigarettes, although they are not without health risks.

Evidence of marijuana's effect on cardiovascular events still scarce

Future studies may help to assess the relation between chronic marijuana use and cardiovascular risks.

Steady rate of marijuana use associated with decline in cigarette, alcohol use in adolescents

Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.

Smoking may be a risk factor for psoriasis

Researchers observed a positive correlation between the amount and duration of smoking and the occurrence of psoriasis.

Antidepressant serum levels may be lower in cigarette smokers

Serum concentration levels of several antidepressants were lower in cigarette smokers compared with nonsmokers.

Global tobacco control treaty reduced worldwide smoking rates

Countries committed to introducing policies such as high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces.

Fruit and vegetable consumption reduces risk of COPD in smokers

A strong inverse association between total fruit and vegetable consumption and COPD was observed in smokers but not in never-smokers.

Electronic cigarette use linked to higher CVD risk

Electronic cigarettes cause an imbalance of cardiac autonomic tone and increased oxidative stress, which may increase cardiovascular risk.

Proposing new concepts and definitions in COPD

It is important to use the right terminology when discussing medical terms, specifically ones associated with smoke-related respiratory conditions, according to the researchers.

Smoking more harmful for HIV patients than the virus

Men and women who quit smoking after entering HIV care at age 40 years gained 5.7 years and 4.6 years of life expectancy, respectively, compared with those who continued to smoke.

Marijuana poisoning cases in children increase in Colorado

Results suggest that the legalization of recreational marijuana use led to the increase in children who were unintentionally exposed to the drug.

PAs lack reliable information on e-cigarettes

While most PAs believe that e-cigarettes are harmful to health, they need more reliable information to help inform clinical decisions.

Abrupt cessation more effective when quitting smoking

Of those who quit abruptly, 49% and 22% were still non-smokers at 4 weeks and 6 months, respectively.

Smoking still prevalent among pregnant young women

In 2014, nearly 9% of women who gave birth smoked during pregnancy.

How effective are smoking cessation medications?

Study results showed no significant difference based on the type of smoking cessation option they were given.

Smoking linked to infertility, early menopause

Researchers confirmed increased risks for infertility and natural menopause before age 50 in women who are either active smokers or regularly exposed to secondhand smoke.

Smoking is associated with
 high risk of type 2 diabetes

A meta-analysis of 88 studies show a concrete link between current smokers and an elevated risk of type 2 diabetes.

Primary care intervention can boost smoking cessation rate

Participants in the National Lung Screening Trial had a greater chance of quitting after clinicians scheduled follow-up counseling after screenings.

Benefits of
 quitting smoking after an MI

Smokers who quit within a year after acute myocardial infarction had intermediate levels of chest pain and mental health that were similar to those who had never smoked.

Teens who use e-cigarettes are likely to use combustible tobacco

Teenagers who use e-cigarettes have an increased likelihood of using combustible tobacco products.

Secondhand smoke exposure is linked to a higher BMI in children

Children exposed to secondhand smoke are more likely to have a higher BMI by age 10.

Most Americans support raising smoking age to 21

The CDC reports that 75% of Americans supporting increasing the legal age for smoking to 21.

Smoking attributed to half of cancer deaths

Almost 126,000 of the deaths attributed to smoking were from cancers of the lungs, bronchus, and trachea.

Quitting smoking improved pressure sore healing in patients with spinal cord injuries

Quitting smoking improved spinal cord injury quality of life.

Nicotine patch treatment for 52 weeks may be safe, but may not be more effective than 24-week treatment for smoking cessation

Quitting smoking with nicotine patch treatment for 52 weeks appears safe but may not be more effective than 24 weeks.

Focus on setting personal goals to inspire difficult health changes

Sneak interventions into any patient encounter using motivational interviewing techniques.

Paying smokers to quit effective cessation strategy

Deposit programs were twice as effective as the rewards programs, and five times more effective than simply receiving free smoking aids.

Some pregnant women may think e-cigarettes are safe

Nearly three-quarters of the women who had tried e-cigarettes believed they were less harmful than tobacco.

Smoking exposure in children

Exposing children to secondhand smoke may increase their risk for heart disease later in life.

ACP urges FDA to ban e-cigarette flavorings, ads

Calling for a ban on television advertisements for e-cigarettes follows the American College's continuing policy supporting bans on all tobacco advertising.

Gene variation linked to smoking duration

The average age of diagnosis was 61 years among those with the variation and 65 years for those without the variation.

IOM report highlights benefits of raising legal age for tobacco purchase

Raising the legal age would save thousands of lives and lower the number of smokers, according to an Institute of Medicine report.

A higher disease burden for smoking?

Current smokers had death rates that were nearly three times higher than in people who had never smoked.

Prenatal tobacco exposure linked to shorter fetal telomere length

T/S ratio was greater in descending order in nonsmokers, compared with passive smokers, than in active smokers.

Smoking-related mortality may be higher than previously estimated

About 17% of the deaths in smokers were due to diseases that were not established by caused by smoking by the Surgeon General.

E-cigarette vapor contains high levels of formaldehyde

High-voltage e-cigarettes released enough formaldehyde-containing compounds to increase a patient's lifetime risk of cancer five to 15 times higher than the risk caused by long-term smoking.

Obese patients, smokers spend more on health care each year

Estimated health-care expenses associated with obesity and smoking increased between 1998 and 2011 by 25% and 30%, respectively.

Community cardiovascular disease prevention program tied to improved heart health

Improvements in hypertension, cholesterol control, and smoking cessation rates among participants enrolled in a cardiovascular disease prevention program were seen.

Emphasize lifestyle behavior changes for patients with psoriasis

Clinicians who treat patients with psoriasis may need additional training in lifestyle behavior modification initiatives.

Despite weight gain, quitting smoking still healthier

Compared with patients who kept smoking, the risk of dying was still 34% lower among quitters who did not gain weight.

Teen tobacco use still common

More regulation could stop young Americans from picking up the deadly habit.

Omega-3 supplementation cuts tobacco dependence

Increasing omega-3 PUFA concentrations reduced cigarette cravings even after intervention.

Medicare proposes to cover lung cancer screenings for at-risk patients

CMS announced it has drafted a reimbursement proposal to cover annual computed tomography (CT) scans for high-risk patients.

Counseling, meds best for quitting smoking

Combination treatment better than either strategy alone.

Smoking attributed to 14M health issues in Americans

Many Americans suffer from multiple conditions related to cigarettes and estimates suggest that COPD is underreported.

Lung cancer screening cost-effective for Medicare beneficiaries

Low-dose computed tomography screening is a low-cost strategy that can help the estimated 4.9 million Medicare patients that could meet criteria for lung cancer.

Psoriatic arthritis outcomes worse with smoking

Worse patient-reported outcomes, shorter treatment adherence, and poorer response to treatment among smokers.

COPD costs projected to reach $49B in 2020

Nearly 13 million U.S. adults had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 2011, and 24 million adults had signs of impaired lung function.

Smoking during pregnancy linked to child ADHD

Maternal and paternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with higher ADHD risk, but the association was stronger for females.

Varenicline plus nicotine replacement improves quit rates

The combination treatment was associated with a higher continuous abstinence rate at 12 weeks and at 24 weeks.

Do CDC anti-smoking ads impact cessation rates?

The CDC reports that their 2012 anti-smoking campaign generated more than 100,000 additional calls to the agency's quit line.

Lung cancer screening connected to smoking cessation

Further research into smoking cessation within screening programs may continue to decrease smoking rates.

E-cigarette awareness is on the rise

Although awareness has increased, there was no evidence that electronic cigarettes promoted smoking cessation.

No smoking could mean no psoriasis

Smoking is an independent risk factor for developing psoriasis.

Reducing 6 preventable risk factors may lower mortality rates

Reducing tobacco use, alcohol consumption, obesity, high glucose levels, hypertension and salt intake could prevent 37 million deaths worldwide.

Smoking, hypertension named leading stroke risk factors

New research suggests hypertension and smoking, along with other modifiable factors like obesity and coronary disease may account for 50% of all strokes.

Poison control calls up for pediatric e-cigarette exposure

About half of toxicity calls to poison control centers attributable to e-cigarette exposure involved children younger than 5 years.

E-cigarettes don't reduce smoking

Baseline e-cigarette use does not significantly predict smoking cessation one year later.

CVS Caremark to stop selling tobacco products

Sale of cigarettes is inconsistent with a pharmacy's mission.

Offer AAA screening to older male smokers

USPSTF is recommending routine one-time screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm in men aged 65 to 75 years who have ever smoked.

Healthcare providers need more info on e-cigarettes

Most have moderately low levels of knowledge and comfort discussing e-cigarette use with teens, parents.

Quitting smoking cuts risks sooner than estimated

Former smokers may reap heart benefits of quitting earlier than initially thought.

Diabetic smokers try harder, fail more at quitting

Declines in smoking prevalence were smaller in the diabetic population than the general population, despite a 13% higher number of quitting attempts.

E-cigarettes equivalent to patch for quitting

Using e-cigarettes as nicotine replacement therapy helped smokers significantly reduce the volume of cigarettes smoked compared with the patch.

E-cigarette use doubles in school-aged kids

Developing strategies to prevent marketing, sales, and use of e-cigarettes among youths is critical, CDC says.

Smokers with clear lungs still have cancer signs

Smokers whose lungs appear to be clear are in fact harboring airway cells that show early signs of impairment.

USPSTF: PCPs should counsel kids about smoking

The United States Preventive Services Task Force is now recommending primary care interventions to prevent adolescent patients from using tobacco.

USPSTF: Screen smokers for lung cancer

Adults aged 55 through 79 who have a 30 pack-year history of smoking or who have quit in the prior 15 years should undergo annual low-dose CT lung cancer screening.

FDA faces dilemmas in regulating e-cigarettes

There are more than 250 e-cigarette brands, each of which uses different liquid nicotine formulations, additives and flavorings.

Prenatal smoke exposure linked to adolescent hearing loss

Mothers who smoke while pregnant may be damaging their children's auditory abilities.

Multicomponent interventions help patients quit smoking

Rigorous smoking cessation counseling models can be effective in certain clinical settings.

Smoking pot may increase stroke risk

Middle age stroke patients were 2.3 times more likely to smoke cannabis than healthy middle-aged controls.

Smoking cuts life expectancy 10 years

Shorter life expectancy for smokers can be partially reversed by quitting smoking.

Mortality from smoking equal in men and women

Risk of death from COPD, ischemic heart disease, stroke and all causes now similar among male and female smokers.

Smoking impairs CABG vein grafts

Smoking associated with worse saphenous vein graft patency at one and two years after CABG.

FDA warns of heart risk with Chantix

Patients taking varenicline had higher rates of major cardiovascular events, including death, MI and stroke than those taking placebo.

Secondhand smoke ups meningococcal risk in kids

Exposure to secondhand smoke more than doubled the risk for invasive meningococcal disease in children in a meta-analysis.

Quitting reduces smokers' risk for sudden cardiac death

Quitting smoking can reduce smokers' risk for sudden cardiac death, but even small-to-moderate amounts of smoking increase risk.

Cigarette tax could help cut federal deficit

Increasing the tax on cigarettes could reduce the federal deficit, despite the fact that people would be living longer on Medicare.

Smokers' children often exposed to smoke in cars

The majority of smoking parents do not have smoke-free car policy.

Maternal smoking may increase ADHD risk

A genetic marker previously identified as associated with smoking may also be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Smoking bans cut hospitalizations

Hospital admissions due to cardiovascular and respiratory disease have decreased in areas that have adopted smoke-free legislation.

Quitting smoking lengthens women's lives

Women who quit smoking before age 30 years experienced dramatic improvements in life-expectancy compared with those who continued to smoke.

Smokers fare worse after stroke

Current and ex-smokers have a higher risk for death or recurrent vascular events after a stroke than patients who have never smoked.

Smoking independently predicts psoriasis risk

People who smoke are at increased risk for psoriasis, with the highest risk identified among heavy smokers and those who have smoked for many years.

Approach nicotine addiction like a chronic disease, researchers say

When initiating smoking cessation interventions, taking a long-term chronic disease management approach similar to those initiated for patients with hypertension and diabetes helps smokers quit.

Chantix linked to cardiovascular, psychiatric adverse events

The FDA recently announced a labeling change for the smoking-cessation aid varenicline (Chantix) concerning cardiovascular risks.

Low-cost medication helps smokers quit

Cytisine may offer additional affordable smoking cessation options.

Exercise may help teens quit smoking

Teens who were encouraged to exercise during a smoking cessation program, particularly boys, had significantly higher quit rates after six months.

Secondhand smoke may cause hearing loss

Secondhand smoke exposure among 12 to 19 year olds was associated with increased risk for hearing loss, data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey indicate.

Women smokers at higher risk for CHD

Women who smoke have a 25% greater risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) then men who smoke, data from a meta-analysis involving more than 2.4 million people indicate.

Early morning smokers at higher risk for cancer

Identifying this behavior could help clinicians develop targeted smoking cessation interventions for those at greatest risk.

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