Stroke

Stroke, TIA Risk Remain High After Atrial Fibrillation Resolved

Stroke, TIA Risk Remain High After Atrial Fibrillation Resolved

By

Patients with resolved atrial fibrillation have an increased risk for stroke or transient ischemic attack.

Discerning Arterial Ischemic Stroke From Migraine in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Discerning Arterial Ischemic Stroke From Migraine in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Investigators examined presenting features of migraine vs arterial ischemic stroke in children presenting to the emergency department.

Sickle cell trait not linked to increased risk of ischemic stroke

In this meta-analysis of prospective population-based studies, sickle cell trait was not associated with any difference in risk of first ischemic stroke.

Study Finds Safe Alcohol Consumption Guidelines May Not Be Strict Enough

Study Finds Safe Alcohol Consumption Guidelines May Not Be Strict Enough

By

Among current drinkers without previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease, the threshold for lowest risk of all-cause mortality is about 100 g of alcohol consumed per week.

Cannabinoids May Decrease Seizure Frequency in Refractory Epilepsy

Cannabinoids May Decrease Seizure Frequency in Refractory Epilepsy

A reasonable proportion of patients with epilepsy who have received treatment with pharmaceutical-grade cannabidiol products along with antiepileptic drugs have experienced a decrease in seizure frequency.

Undiagnosed CV events low for elderly patients in emergency department

Undiagnosed CV events low for elderly patients in emergency department

By

Medicare patients with ED visits pertaining to imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms, stroke, acute myocardial infarctions, or other cardiovascular relating events are very likely to be diagnosed prior to hospital discharge.

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

Patent foramen ovale associated with stroke risk after noncardiac surgery

By

Patients diagnosed with PFO prior to noncardiac surgery have an elevated ischemic stroke risk.

Predicting mortality and outcomes after a subarachnoid hemorrhage

Predicting mortality and outcomes after a subarachnoid hemorrhage

By

A clinical prediction tool successfully forecasts subarachnoid hemorrhage management from ruptured intracranial aneurysms.

Acute ischemic stroke: new guidelines open treatment window to 24 hours

Acute ischemic stroke: new guidelines open treatment window to 24 hours

By

At the 2018 International Stroke Conference in Los Angeles, the AHA/ASA released updated guidelines for the early management of ischemic strokes, which account for 87% of all strokes.

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract aids cognition in stroke patients

Ginkgo biloba extract, along with aspiring, may help cognition in acute ischemic stroke patients.

PPI use associated with risk of stroke, myocardial infarction

PPI use associated with risk of stroke, myocardial infarction

Use of PPIs was associated with increased risks of first -time ischemic stroke and MI, particularly among long -term users and at high doses.

Aspirin discontinuation increases risk of cardiovascular events

Aspirin discontinuation increases risk of cardiovascular events

By

Patients who discontinued aspirin use experience a higher risk of cardiovascular events.

Case Study: Headache, neck stiffness, and fever

Case Study: Headache, neck stiffness, and fever

By

A 55-year-old man with a history of hypertension and migraines is sent by his primary care provider to the emergency department for a spinal tap to rule out meningitis.

Individuals born in states with high stroke mortality have increased risk of dementia

Individuals born in states with high stroke mortality have increased risk of dementia

By

Birth in a high stroke mortality state was associated with a significantly increased risk of dementia.

Stroke incidence has decreased over time in men

Stroke incidence has decreased over time in men

The incidence of all strokes decreased over time in men, but not women, due to a decrease in ischemic stroke.

Ending statin therapy after initial stroke increases risk of recurrence

Ending statin therapy after initial stroke increases risk of recurrence

Stopping statin therapy 3 to 6 months after an initial ischemic stroke may increase risk of a recurrent stroke.

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

Higher childhood intelligence linked to lower mortality risk

By

Researchers sought to examine the link between intelligence scores during childhood and leading causes of death during the life course.

Exercise may improve cognitive function after stroke

Exercise may improve cognitive function after stroke

The most effective programs offered patients exercises aimed at strength, balance, stretching, and aerobic fitness.

Apixaban linked to higher rates of stroke than warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation

Apixaban linked to higher rates of stroke than warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation

By

Rivaroxaban once daily and dabigatran twice daily showed evidence of lower thromboembolic rates.

Prestroke psychosocial factors linked to poststroke depression risk in women

Prestroke psychosocial factors linked to poststroke depression risk in women

By

Women with a good recovery after stroke and a moderate level of optimism had a 0.40‐fold reduction in the odds of developing new-onset poststroke depression.

Migraine increases stroke risk in surgical patients

Migraine increases stroke risk in surgical patients

By

Surgical patients with a history of migraine have an increased risk of perioperative ischemic stroke and a higher 30-day hospital readmission rate.

Unchecked MRI results

Unchecked MRI results

By

A clinician sends an 18-year-old patient for a same-day MRI but forgets to review the results with the same urgency.

Patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke risk treated with aspirin over oral anticoagulants

Patients with atrial fibrillation and stroke risk treated with aspirin over oral anticoagulants

By

Specific patient characteristics predicted the type of therapy more likely to be prescribed.

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

By

Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.

Rates of CVD mortality declining in US

Rates of CVD mortality declining in US

Researchers found that mortality rates dropped less than 1% between 2011 and 2014.

Intensive blood pressure reduction offers no added benefit in stroke outcomes

Intensive blood pressure reduction offers no added benefit in stroke outcomes

By

For patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, intensive blood pressure reduction has similar outcomes compared with standard treatment.

Air pollution among leading risk factors for stroke

Air pollution among leading risk factors for stroke

By

About 90% of global stroke burden can be linked to modifiable risk factors.

Levonorgestrel, low-dose estrogen associated with lower risk for adverse vascular events among oral contraceptives

Levonorgestrel, low-dose estrogen associated with lower risk for adverse vascular events among oral contraceptives

By

Compared with other estrogen doses and progestogen types, low-dose estrogen with levonorgestrel had a decreased risk of adverse events.

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk for secondary stroke

By

Aspirin significantly reduces the risk of a recurrent stroke 6 weeks after a transient ischemic attack or minor stroke.

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

Migraine medications not linked to stroke risk

By

For patients with basilar or hemiplegic migraines, two common migraine medications do not increase the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters