General Rheumatology Archives - Page 22 of 24 - Clinical Advisor

General Rheumatology

This colored x-ray shows sideways curvature of the spine characteristic of scoliosis.


Scoliosis is a curving of the spine that worsens with growth spurts. Scoliosis begins as a sideways curvature of the spine that typically begins in childhood and progresses to an S-shaped curve. There are three general etiologies: congenital, neuromuscular and idiopathic. Congenital forms of scoliosis occur in the womb or during early life and involve…

A ring-like swelling towards the fingertip, common in individuals with osteoarthritis, which is formed by a lump of cartilage-covered bone around the terminal joint. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the elderly.

Types of Arthritis

Arthritis involves the inflammation of one or more joints. The condition occurs when cartilage that normally protects the joint breaks down, causing the bones to rub together. This results in pain, swelling, stiffness and limited motion. As many as 37 million Americans have arthritis with etiologies ranging from autoimmune disorder to infection to general wear…

Childhood-onset linear scleroderma on a man’s head. Linear scleroderma is an isolated region of hardened skin. If the bones have been affected, it can stunt the growth of the limbs in children. Photo credit: Dr. Harout Tanielian / Photo Researchers, Inc.


Scleroderma is an autoimmune connective tissue disorder, characterized by a progressive hardening of the skin. The disorder can also affect the blood vessels, muscles and internal organs, including the heart, lungs, kidneys and digestive tract.

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