General Urology

Workup for microscopic hematuria

I’m seeing a lot of patients (mostly male) who have had microscopic hematuria on several urine specimens. After getting negative results on lab work I’ve submitted, referral to a urologist usually results in CT urogram and cystoscopy. When those also prove to be negative, I get a letter saying the hematuria is “likely benign” and…

Incontinence during sleep

A 53-year-old white woman reports that during the past year she has had three episodes of urinary incontinence during rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep. She reports that she wakes up and can recall dreams (she does not have night terrors). A neurologic exam, MRI, and electroencephalogram (EEG) were normal. A urologist found normal urodynamics. She has no…

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