Kidney Disease

Dialysis access when both arms have shunts

If a patient has a nonfunctional arteriovenous (AV) shunt in one arm and a functional shunt used for dialysis in the other, does the avoidance of an IV access in the arm with the nonfunctional shunt still apply?

Hyponatremia on the rise

I seem to be seeing a lot more hyponatremia. Some of these patients are taking diuretics, while others have psychogenic polydipsia or syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). Others have no known cause. Is there an explanation for this increase?

Managing hyponatremia

Some individuals develop hyponatremia when on a diuretic — not because the sodium level is diluted, but because the diuretic causes the sodium to be excreted with the excess fluid.

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