People with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), the most severe end of the FASD spectrum, often have abnormal facial features, and/or growth and central nervous system problems. A characteristic pattern of facial anomalies associated with FAS include, small eye openings, a thin upper lip or flattened ridges between the base of the nose and the upper lip (a flattened philtrum). A child must have all three characteristics to receive an FAS diagnosis.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Alcohol use among women of childbearing age (18 to 44 years) is a leading, preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities in the U.S., known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). The CDC estimates that approximately 0.2 to 1.5 cases occur for every 1,000 live births in certain areas of the United States. FASDs…

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