Tetanus is induced by an exotoxin of Clostridium tetani, which grows anaerobically at site of injury, and is characterized by painful muscular contractions, primarily of the masseter and other large muscles. This patient presented with facial tetany.

Immunizing against vaccine-preventable diseases

Recognized as one of the most cost-effective public health interventions, immunization saves an estimated 2 to 3 million lives every year globally. Vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) levels are at or near record lows. However, even though most U.S. infants and toddlers have received all recommended vaccines by age 2, many remain under-immunized, leaving potential for disease…

Teens with HIV should receive a two-dose meningococcal vaccine primary series.

ACIP updates meningococcal vaccine policy

The American Academy of Pediatrics and the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices have approved new recommendations for the use of 
quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccines in adolescents and in people who are at persistent high risk of meningococcal disease.

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