Urology

Higher Visceral Fat Ratio Seen With Recurring Urolithiasis

Higher Visceral Fat Ratio Seen With Recurring Urolithiasis

No differences seen with other fat volume measures between recurring, first-time stones.

Mortality Risk Compared Among Men Receiving Drug Therapy for BPH/LUTS

Mortality Risk Compared Among Men Receiving Drug Therapy for BPH/LUTS

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Researchers conducted a retrospective matched cohort study to compare the risk of death among BPH patients treated with 5ARIs, as monotherapy or in combination with alpha-blockers, and those treated with alpha-blockers alone.

UTI Guideline Implementation Improves Diagnoses in Postop Orthopedic Patients

UTI Guideline Implementation Improves Diagnoses in Postop Orthopedic Patients

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Implementing a urinary tract infection quality improvement program resulted in a decrease in UTI diagnoses in orthopedic patients.

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

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Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.

Managing acute UTIs in postmenopausal women

Managing acute UTIs in postmenopausal women

UTIs present clinically as dysuria, with symptoms of frequent and urgent urination secondary to irritation of the urethral and bladder mucosa.

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

Symptomatic treatment inferior to antibiotics in women with UTIs

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Treating lower UTIs with diclofenac may help in optimizing antibiotic treatments.

Case Study: Abdominal pain, distention, and constipation

Case Study: Abdominal pain, distention, and constipation

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A 64-year-old man presents to the emergency department with abdominal pain and distention, as well as constipation of 8 days' duration.

Case Study: Leg pain, nausea, and malaise

Case Study: Leg pain, nausea, and malaise

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A 39-year-old man presents to the emergency department with 3 days of progressive bilateral leg pain, nausea, and malaise.

Recurrent kidney stone formers may not benefit from 24-hour urine collection

Recurrent kidney stone formers may not benefit from 24-hour urine collection

It is unclear whether all recurrent kidney stone formers benefit from 24-hour urine collection.

Gaps exist in clinician knowledge of gout management

Gaps exist in clinician knowledge of gout management

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Ample opportunities exist to increase clinician's knowledge of gout identification and management.

Weighing the benefits and harms of transvaginal mesh

Weighing the benefits and harms of transvaginal mesh

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Low- and moderate-quality evidence suggests no difference between artificial mesh and native tissue repair of vaginal prolapse.

Hematuria evaluation guidelines issued by ACP

Hematuria evaluation guidelines issued by ACP

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The ACP has released clinical guidelines for the evaluation of hematuria and referral practices.

Reduction in number of men screened for and diagnosed with prostate cancer

Reduction in number of men screened for and diagnosed with prostate cancer

In the United States, the rate of prostate cancer screening is down, and the number of men diagnosed with the disease has also dropped.

Managing benign prostatic hypertrophy with pumpkin seeds

Managing benign prostatic hypertrophy with pumpkin seeds

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The most common medical use for pumpkin seeds is managing benign prostatic hypertrophy.

Treatment for urinary tract 
infections in the uncircumcised
 male child


Treatment for urinary tract 
infections in the uncircumcised
 male child


Circumcision should be recommended for male, uncircumcised children with recurring UTIs.

UTI/Pyelonephritis


UTI/Pyelonephritis


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A young girl with recurrent UTIs was diagnosed with a grade-3 VUR and mild hydronephrosis.

High fiber intake may lower kidney stone risk in postmenopausal women

High fiber intake may lower kidney stone risk in postmenopausal women

There were no significant protective effects noted for fiber, fruit, or vegetable intake on the risk of kidney stone recurrence in women with a history of stones.

New drug combo wins FDA approval to treat UTIs, intra-abdominal infections

New drug combo wins FDA approval to treat UTIs, intra-abdominal infections

Ceftolozane/tazobactam is the fourth antibiotic to be FDA approved in 2014

Testicular cancer risk up in Hispanic patients

Testicular cancer risk up in Hispanic patients

A 58% increase in incidence rate per 100,000 has been noted from 1992 to 2010.

Suspect OSA in patients with nocturia

Suspect OSA in patients with nocturia

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The severity of sleep apnea has been correlated with frequency of nighttime bathroom visits.

Recurrent
 UTI therapies
 assessed

Recurrent
 UTI therapies
 assessed

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Daily antibiotic use came out on top when compared with several other strategies for managing recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Nonsurgical option available for Peyronie's disease

Nonsurgical option available for Peyronie's disease

The FDA has approved Xioflex to treat the connective tissue disorder.

Nonantibiotic prophylaxis may reduce recurrent UTIs

Nonantibiotic prophylaxis may reduce recurrent UTIs

Meta-analysis reviews oral immunostimulant OM-89, estrogens, cranberries and acupuncture.

A cocktail for uncomplicated UTI

A cocktail for uncomplicated UTI

A three-part solution with OTC-ingredients can help prevent future urinary tract infections.

Avoiding costly ­diagnostic mistakes

Avoiding costly ­diagnostic mistakes

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How should a clinician 
handle a difference of 
opinion with the attending physician on duty?

A case study of nocturnal enuresis

A case study of nocturnal enuresis

A healthy and thriving boy aged 8 years, has never been able to achieve complete nighttime dryness since being potty trained at age 3 years.

Simple treatment for pediatric bedwetting

Simple treatment for pediatric bedwetting

When treating a young patient for monosymptomatic enuresis, be sure to assess the physical, emotional, and developmental maturity of the child.

Many women with uncomplicated UTI willing to delay antibiotics

Many women with uncomplicated UTI willing to delay antibiotics

The majority of women who delayed antibiotics for UTI reported spontaneous improvement after one week.

Quantifying proteinuria

Quantifying proteinuria

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What is the best method to use when quantifying proteinuria in children and adults?

Myrbetriq safe, effective alternative for OAB

Myrbetriq safe, effective alternative for OAB

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High discontinuation rates with traditional second-line therapies suggest more overactive bladder treatment options are needed.

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