Vaccines

Vaccinations Begin in Congo Ebola Outbreak

Vaccinations Begin in Congo Ebola Outbreak

First to be vaccinated will be health workers, contacts of confirmed Ebola patients.

Combined Meningococcal-Tdap Vaccine May Increase Adolescent Vaccination Coverage

Combined Meningococcal-Tdap Vaccine May Increase Adolescent Vaccination Coverage

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For adolescents and young adults, the co-administration of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine with incorporated tetanus toxoid with diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine is noninferior to isolated vaccination and does not compromise immunity.

Rotavirus Vaccination Linked to Decrease in Hospitalizations

Rotavirus Vaccination Linked to Decrease in Hospitalizations

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A significant decline in rotavirus disease-associated hospitalization, emergency department visits, and physician office visits was demonstrated in children younger than 5 years following implementation of the rotavirus vaccine.

Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Preferred for Nursing Mothers

Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Preferred for Nursing Mothers

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Women receiving the inactivated influenza vaccine demonstrated superior antibody response compared with those receiving the live attenuated influenza vaccine.

HPV Vaccine Failure Rates May Be Higher in Women, Girls With HIV

HPV Vaccine Failure Rates May Be Higher in Women, Girls With HIV

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Vaccinated women and girls living with HIV may be at greater risk for HPV vaccine failure compared with women and girls without HIV.

HPV Vaccine Eliminates Advanced Skin Cancer in 97-Year-Old

HPV Vaccine Eliminates Advanced Skin Cancer in 97-Year-Old

Less than a year following the initial direct-to-tumor vaccine injection, all treated tumors disappeared.

Lack of Vaccination in High-Exempt Areas Linked to Medical Distrust

Lack of Vaccination in High-Exempt Areas Linked to Medical Distrust

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Exemption from vaccination is common in Arizona school districts due to lack of trust in medical establishments.

Public Health Vaccine Opposition Growing in the United States

Public Health Vaccine Opposition Growing in the United States

Inverse association identified between NME rate and MMR vaccine coverage of kindergarteners.

Otitis Media-Related Ambulatory Visits Declined After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Otitis Media-Related Ambulatory Visits Declined After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

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The administration of PCV7 and PCV13 reduced the number of ambulatory visits for otitis media in pediatric patients.

Universal Purchase Programs in the United States May Not Effectively Increase Vaccination Rates

Universal Purchase Programs in the United States May Not Effectively Increase Vaccination Rates

Using state- and individual-level data from the 1995-2014 National Immunization Survey, the effect of a state's Universal Purchase adoption on vaccination rates was estimated.

Poor Adherence Contributes to Inadequate Uptake of Multidose Hepatitis Vaccine Schedules

Poor Adherence Contributes to Inadequate Uptake of Multidose Hepatitis Vaccine Schedules

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Adherence and completion to multidose vaccine schedules for hepatitis A, B, and A-B are low, thereby rendering vaccination ineffective.

New AAP Policy on Patient Dismissal for Vaccine Refusal May "Erode Solidarity" Among Pediatricians

New AAP Policy on Patient Dismissal for Vaccine Refusal May "Erode Solidarity" Among Pediatricians

Others have argued that dismissal is ethically problematic because it can deprive children of comprehensive pediatric care and undermine public health.

Platform Manufacturing May Speed Pandemic Vaccine Development

Platform Manufacturing May Speed Pandemic Vaccine Development

With the advent of platform manufacturing technology, vaccines can be developed quickly to stop the spread of outbreaks.

CDC Surveillance Information for the 2017-2018 Influenza Season in the United States

CDC Surveillance Information for the 2017-2018 Influenza Season in the United States

The 2017-2018 influenza season in the United States (October 1, 2017-May 19, 2018) was a high-severity season.

Demographic Insights Into Hepatitis Vaccination Practices

Demographic Insights Into Hepatitis Vaccination Practices

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From 2007 to 2015, the majority of initial hepatitis A, B, and A/B vaccinations were administered by primary care providers.

BCG Vaccine Tied to Reduced Hyperglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes

BCG Vaccine Tied to Reduced Hyperglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes

Systemic shift in glucose metabolism from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis.

No Association Between Rotavirus Vaccination and Intussusception in New Study

No Association Between Rotavirus Vaccination and Intussusception in New Study

The risk of intussusception within 1 to 7 days and 8 to 21 days after rotavirus vaccination was assessed in infants age 28 to 245 days.

Vaccination of Auto-HSCT Patients May Reduce the Risk of Herpes Zoster Diagnosis

Vaccination of Auto-HSCT Patients May Reduce the Risk of Herpes Zoster Diagnosis

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Early vaccination of autologous hemopoietic stem-cell transplant (auto-HSCT) recipients during the peri-transplant period can be effective for the prevention of infections such as herpes zoster.

Is Current Hib Vaccine Effectiveness Decreasing in Children?

Is Current Hib Vaccine Effectiveness Decreasing in Children?

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The hexavalent DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib vaccine may not affect Hib vaccine efficacy.

CDC: Get Vaccinated for Measles Before Traveling

CDC: Get Vaccinated for Measles Before Traveling

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The CDC recommends 2 doses of the MMR vaccine, which provides 97% protection against measles, prior to international travel.

Good Evidence That HPV Vaccines Protect Against Cervical Precancer

Good Evidence That HPV Vaccines Protect Against Cervical Precancer

High-certainty evidence for protection in adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 26 years

ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.

A Zika vaccine could virtually eliminate prenatal infections

Zika virus shown to be of moderate to high efficacy in eliminating prenatal infections.

Maternal TDF not effective in reducing hepatitis B transmission

Maternal TDF not effective in reducing hepatitis B transmission

TDF did not reduce mother-to-child HBV transmission in mothers taking hepatitis B Ig and HBV vaccine.

Clinician HPV interventions facilitate adolescent HPV vaccination

Clinician HPV interventions facilitate adolescent HPV vaccination

Clinicians using communication training and fact sheets to inform adolescents about HPV, significantly increased vaccination initiation and completion rates among their patients.

Newer HIV testing options underused in Black MSM and transgender women

Newer HIV testing options underused in Black MSM and transgender women

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Increasing awareness of and access to newer HIV testing options such as free or reduced price on home and self-tests and couples HIV testing and counseling can facilitate increased levels of consistent testing among young, Black MSM, and transgender women.

CDC: Influenza vaccine 25% effective against H3N2 in 2017-2018

CDC: Influenza vaccine 25% effective against H3N2 in 2017-2018

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The 2017 to 2018 influenza vaccine reduces the chance of getting the disease by about 33%, but is only 25% effective against H3N2, otherwise known as influenza A.

Influenza vaccine not associated with increased risk of epilepsy in children

No increased risk of incident epilepsy was seen among children who received influenza vaccination during the 2009-2010 influenza season in Norway.

ACIP releases 2018 recommended immunization schedule for adults

ACIP releases 2018 recommended immunization schedule for adults

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The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices updated its immunization recommendations for adults.

2018 Immunization schedule for children, adolescents: ACIP recommendations

2018 Immunization schedule for children, adolescents: ACIP recommendations

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The updates contain new or revised ACIP recommendations for poliovirus, influenza, and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines, as well as a clarification of the recommendations for rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccines.

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