Viral Infections

CDC: Acute Flaccid Myelitis Cases Appear to Have Peaked for 2018

CDC: Acute Flaccid Myelitis Cases Appear to Have Peaked for 2018

As of Nov. 30, 134 cases of AFM have been confirmed in 33 states.

Ebola Outbreak Worst in Congo's History

Ebola Outbreak Worst in Congo's History

Deaths include 163 confirmed Ebola cases, 35 probable cases.

Limited Evidence for OTC Preps to Treat Nasal Symptoms of Colds

Limited Evidence for OTC Preps to Treat Nasal Symptoms of Colds

Nasal decongestants can be used for short periods for adults; their safety is unclear for children.

CDC Warns of Polio-Like Virus Striking More US Children

CDC Warns of Polio-Like Virus Striking More US Children

127 cases reported in 22 states so far this year with 62 confirmed as acute flaccid myelitis.

Population Density, Structure Impact Length of Flu Season

Population Density, Structure Impact Length of Flu Season

Larger cities with higher base transmission potentials have more diffuse influenza epidemics.

High Population Immunity Aids in Global Elimination of Sabin-2 Poliovirus

High Population Immunity Aids in Global Elimination of Sabin-2 Poliovirus

High population immunity is an indicator of the decline in serotype 2 Sabin vaccine poliovirus after serotype 2 oral poliovirus vaccine withdrawal.

HCV DAA Curative Therapy Associated With Liver Fibrosis Regression

HCV DAA Curative Therapy Associated With Liver Fibrosis Regression

Curing HCV infection with direct-acting antiretrovirals is associated with regression of liver fibrosis for most patients.

Protective Role of Pre-F Antibodies Against RSV Acute Respiratory Infection

Protective Role of Pre-F Antibodies Against RSV Acute Respiratory Infection

Serum antibodies against the pre-fusion respiratory syncytial virus fusion protein (pre-F) may be a correlate of protection against RSV acute respiratory infection.

HCV Neuropsychiatric Symptoms Likely Linked to Virus' Effects on Brain Function

HCV Neuropsychiatric Symptoms Likely Linked to Virus' Effects on Brain Function

The neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with HCV infection are likely caused by the body's response to the virus' effects on brain function.

1997 to 2015 Saw Increase in HIV Viral Suppression Rates

1997 to 2015 Saw Increase in HIV Viral Suppression Rates

Lower odds of having detectable viral load for older adults and those using ISTI-based regimen.

International Antiviral Society-USA Updates Recommendations for HIV Treatment and Prevention

International Antiviral Society-USA Updates Recommendations for HIV Treatment and Prevention

The International Antiviral Society-USA Panel has updated its recommendations for the management and prevention of HIV infection, to reflect the most current data on new treatment regimens and strategies.

New Ebola Outbreak in Congo

New Ebola Outbreak in Congo

Currently, 26 suspected cases of Ebola, including 20 deaths.

Guidelines for ART Updated for Those With or at Risk for HIV

Guidelines for ART Updated for Those With or at Risk for HIV

ART recommended for almost all HIV-infected; should be initiated as soon as possible post diagnosis.

Viruses Identified As Most Common Cause of Meningitis in UK Adults

Viruses Identified As Most Common Cause of Meningitis in UK Adults

Estimated annual incidence of viral meningitis is 2.73 per 100,000 UK adults.

Florida Teen First Human Case of Another Mosquito-Borne Virus

Florida Teen First Human Case of Another Mosquito-Borne Virus

First documented case of Keystone infection in a human.

No Association Between Rotavirus Vaccination and Intussusception in New Study

No Association Between Rotavirus Vaccination and Intussusception in New Study

The risk of intussusception within 1 to 7 days and 8 to 21 days after rotavirus vaccination was assessed in infants age 28 to 245 days.

Once daily glecaprevir-pibrentasvir treats HCV genotype 1,3

Once daily glecaprevir-pibrentasvir treats HCV genotype 1,3

Once daily glecaprevir-pibrentasvir for 8 or 12 weeks successfully treated HCV genotype 1 and 3.

ACIP releases 2018 recommended immunization schedule for adults

ACIP releases 2018 recommended immunization schedule for adults

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The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices updated its immunization recommendations for adults.

HCV treatment hinders liver fibrosis progression

HCV treatment hinders liver fibrosis progression

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Patients with chronic HCV with a sustained virologic response were more likely to have a reduced progression of liver fibrosis.

Viral respiratory infections associated with increased risk of acute myocardial infarction

In a self-controlled case series, patients were observed to have increased incidence of hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction within seven-days of respiratory virus detection.

Airborne influenza transmission possible through exhalation

Airborne influenza transmission possible through exhalation

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Influenza infections are independently compartmentalized in the upper and lower airways.

Man flu: man-made or real illness?

Man flu: man-made or real illness?

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Men may experience a lower immune response than women, adding insight to the man flu debate.

HIV occurrences decline in Uganda from 1999 to 2016

HIV occurrences decline in Uganda from 1999 to 2016

The decrease in HIV incidence in Uganda was facilitated by antiretroviral therapy, male circumcision, and adolescent abstinence.

Reduced effectiveness of last season's flu vaccine traced to mutation in chicken eggs

Reduced effectiveness of last season's flu vaccine traced to mutation in chicken eggs

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New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.

Zika virus guidelines for pregnant women issued by CDC

Zika virus guidelines for pregnant women issued by CDC

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As the mosquito-borne Zika virus spreads throughout the Americas, the CDC has issued a series of interim guidelines for clinicians treating patients who may have been exposed.

CDC, ACP issue guidelines for appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infection in adults

CDC, ACP issue guidelines for appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infection in adults

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Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing will improve the quality of patient care, decrease healthcare costs, and preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics.

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