Is there a significant difference between low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets on weight loss?
Cesarean delivery is associated with a reduced rate of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse, but this should be weighed against the association with increased risks for fertility, future pregnancy, and long-term childhood outcome.
HbA1C, diabetes status, and cognitive decline during a span of 10 years were compared using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.
The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease is correlated with the prescription opioid use.
The Work Group who authored the new recommendations was made up of professionals from academic medicine, federal and state public health agencies, and medical societies.
The new guideline focuses on evidence-based treatments in alcohol use disorder such as pharmacologic treatments, naltrexone, disulfiram, and topiramate.
An inverse relation was observed between epilepsy and cerebral palsy and 5-minute and 10-minute Apgar scores.
The 2017 to 2018 influenza vaccine reduces the chance of getting the disease by about 33%, but is only 25% effective against H3N2, otherwise known as influenza A.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to monitor brain activity in patients with osteoarthritis who were administered either genuine or placebo electroacupuncture.
The use of oral contraceptives did not reduce the risks of breast cancer or colorectal cancer.
The USPSTF has issued an updated recommendation statement on ovarian cancer screening.
Primary gastrinomas of the hepatobiliary tract may occur in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
Lymph nodes proximal to hepatic or biliary gastrinomas will likely require extraction as many in the surround region will have metastasized.
Past epidemiological investigations resulted in inconsistent reports on the affiliation between antidepressants and the risk of ovarian cancer.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices updated its immunization recommendations for adults.
Patients diagnosed with PFO prior to noncardiac surgery have an elevated ischemic stroke risk.
The ADA's updates include a modified patient-focused care algorithm as well as improved risk management for CVD.
Women with gestational diabetes have a greater risk of developing T2D and cardiovascular events than women who were not previously diagnosed with the disease.
Modulate electrical stimulation of the amygdala may improve declarative memory without provoking any emotional reaction.
The updates contain new or revised ACIP recommendations for poliovirus, influenza, and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines, as well as a clarification of the recommendations for rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccines.
Among NFL football players who began their careers between 1982 and 1992, career participation in the NFL, compared with limited NFL exposure obtained primarily as an NFL replacement player during a league-wide strike, was not associated with a statistically significant difference in long-term all-cause mortality.
Severe obesity may decline in children enrolled in specialized diet programs.
The investigators studied the association between abdominal fat, inflammation, and fitness by measuring body weight, dimensions, and blood samples.
Patients with chronic HCV with a sustained virologic response were more likely to have a reduced progression of liver fibrosis.
A clinical prediction tool successfully forecasts subarachnoid hemorrhage management from ruptured intracranial aneurysms.
The increased rate of takeout meal consumption was correlated with higher total fat intake and lower intake of vitamin C, iron, and calcium.
Ill-timed administration of benzodiazepine treatment in pediatric patients with refractory convulsive status epilepticus is associated with many short-term adverse events.
The Affordable Care Act is associated with moderate reductions in the cost burden for the lowest-, low-, and middle-income households.
In patients undergoing TAVR or SAVR, approximately 1 in 3 had depressive symptoms at baseline and a higher risk of short-term and midterm mortality.
A significant affiliation between symptoms of anxiety and a decrease in episodic memory was reported in healthy seniors 60 years and older.
A congressionally mandated report has found that e-cigarettes are likely to be far less harmful than conventional cigarettes, although they are not without health risks.
At the 2018 International Stroke Conference in Los Angeles, the AHA/ASA released updated guidelines for the early management of ischemic strokes, which account for 87% of all strokes.
Influenza infections are independently compartmentalized in the upper and lower airways.
Caffeine and its 3 downstream metabolites may be helpful as a biomarker for Parkinson disease.
Duration, more than dosage, may increase the risk of misuse in opioid naïve patients.
Hydrocortisone treatment does not effectively reduce mortality in sepsis.
Herpes zoster subunit vaccine more effective, less expensive than live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine
The adjuvanted herpes zoster subunit vaccine is more effective and less expensive than the live attenuated herpes zoster vaccine at all ages.
Polygenic hazard scores were developed to help predict the age of onset of prostate cancer.
Healthcare organizations are calling on Congress to reverse the new CMS policy that has the potential to jeopardize patient access to Part B drug therapies.
A patient presented with COPD, diabetes, and atrial fibrillation and was found to have a large tattoo across his chest reading, "DO NOT RESUSCITATE," followed by his signature.
Bimodal auditory-somatosensory treatment is noninvasive and showed no side effects.
There is no statistically significant difference in weight loss at 5 years after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy vs laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in morbidly obese patients.
The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on screening for idiopathic scoliosis in asymptomatic adolescents.
Use of long-acting bronchodilators is linked to cardiovascular risks in patients with COPD.
Apathy and depressive symptoms are independently associated with incident dementia in community-dwelling older people.
Researchers recommend 7 online tools and mobile apps to help healthcare professionals reduce stress, burnout, depression, and suicidal behaviors.
Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.
Increased ibuprofen administration elevates LH and decreases testosterone to LH and inhibin B to FSH ratios in young adult men.
The FDA has approved the Dermapace System for treatment of chronic, full-thickness diabetic foot ulcers.
MEV aortic valve replacement is noninferior to SEV aortic valve replacement in high-risk patients with aortic stenosis.
An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.
Addition of a new class of antihypertensive drugs to existing treatment greatly decreases SBP in previously medicated patients with HT.
Positive emotions and low levels of depression after a cardiovascular disease (CVD) event are associated with low risk for mortality during a 15-year period.
Exposure to surrounding air pollutants and warm season ozone are linked to increased risk of death.
The American Academy of Neurology has released updated guideline recommendations for mild cognitive impairment.
Pet ownership is not linked to decreased aging in the elderly.
Policy analysts at the CDC and another, as yet unnamed Department of Health and Human Services agency, have been informed to stop using certain terms in documents to be used in next year's budget.
Intake of primary nutrients and bioactives in green leafy vegetables is associated with slower cognitive decline.
The FDA is proposing a new, risk-based enforcement approach to homeopathic drug products that have the greatest potential to harm patients.
Findings do not support routine vitamin D and calcium supplementation in community-dwelling older adults for lowering the incidence of osteoporosis-related fractures.
Attaining higher education may aid in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.
Men may experience a lower immune response than women, adding insight to the man flu debate.
Adolescent marijuana prevalence today would be at or near record highs if cigarette use had not declined since 2005.
The AAFP continues to use the 2014 JNC8 guideline instead of the 2017 AHA/ACC update.
Breast cancer diagnosis is higher among women who currently use or recently used contemporary hormonal contraceptives than among women who have never used hormonal contraceptives.
Average birth weights among infants born in Flint, Michigan, have decreased after the city's shift from using the Detroit Water Authority to the Flint River for its tap water source.
Body mass index BMI at a cut-point of 30 kg/m2 may not be an appropriate indicator of obesity in postmenopausal women.
Blood pressure decreases more than a decade before death in patients older than 60 years.
Increased frequency of television viewing may be linked to an increased risk for venous thromboembolism.
The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on the use of menopausal hormone therapy for the primary prevention of chronic conditions.
Oral capsule FMT and colonoscopy delivery showed similar patient outcomes, low rate differences, and high success rates.
Post-seroconversion brain morphology can occur in HIV patients, but aviremia maintenance via cART can slow of prevent brain injuries.
A new report from the CDC finds that HIV is being diagnosed sooner after initial infection than in previous years.
Although awareness of physician burnout has increased, the problem continues to affect medical students, residents, and practicing physicians.
A study of an investigational digital medicine achieves its primary efficacy end point in pediatric ADHD.
Omega-3 supplementation in children with mood disorders is associated with decreased impairment in executive functioning.
Higher BMI is associated with increased dementia risk when weight was measured more than 20 years before dementia diagnosis, but this association is reversed when BMI was assessed less than 10 years before dementia diagnosis.
Researchers sought to determine how much has changed since the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology first reported on sexual harassment two decades ago.
Many direct acting oral anticoagulants may be more beneficial than warfarin.
The American Heart Association has released a statement detailing their concerns about the tax reform bill.
The FDA has approved semaglutide injection as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Medication-related adverse events occur more frequently with methotrexate in children with moderate to severe psoriasis.
Women with significant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder do not need to stop treatment during pregnancy.
Oral insulin usage does not prevent the development of type 1 diabetes in relatives of patients.
Venlafaxine was superior to lithium in reducing symptoms of both bipolar II, depression, and anxiety.
Body mass index is linked to malignant melanoma in men.
A Minnesota-based hospital chain fires about 50 employees for refusal to receive the influenza vaccine.
Meta-analyses suggest that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day has more associated health benefits than risks.
Low-dose aspirin does not decrease healing time for patients with venous leg ulcers.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Heplisav-B for the prevention of infection caused by all known subtypes of hepatitis B virus.
Treating patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with endovascular strategy over open repair may increase survival and decrease cost.
New virus mutations make antibody binding difficult as mismatches in vaccines and viruses emerge.
Preliminary clinical trial results show more heart-related deaths occur in patients taking febuxostat compared to allopurinol.
A combination of psychoeducation, cognitive-based therapy, visualization, and breathing exercises may represent a tolerable and readily accepted complementary therapeutic approach for adolescent patients with chronic pain.
According to a special report by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, alcohol consumption is a definite risk for cancer development.
The FDA has published recommendations to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holiday season.
Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.
The dual combination of dolutegravir plus darunavir/ritonavir provided a simple and safe salvage therapy to suppress viral replication without metabolic impact in patients infected with HIV-1.
The USPSTF has updated its recommendations on osteoporosis screening and testing in women and men.
The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Abilify MyCite, which contains an ingestible sensor that records whether or not the medication was taken.
Hepatitis B and hepatitis C may increase mortality risks in HIV patients.